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A pin-on-disc simulation of airborne wear particles from disc brakes
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinelement.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0696-7506
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinelement.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4461-0209
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap, Installationsteknik (bytt namn till Installations- och energisystem 2012-03-01).
Vise andre og tillknytning
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 268, nr 5-6, s. 763-769Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A novel test method was used to study the concentration and size distribution of airborne wearparticles from disc brake materials. A pin-on-disc tribometer equipped with particle countinginstruments was used as test equipment. Material from four different non-asbestos organic(NAO) pads and four different low metallic (LM) pads were tested against material from greycast iron rotors. The results indicate that the low metallic pads cause more wear to the rotormaterial than the NAO pads, resulting in higher concentrations of airborne wear particles.Although there are differences in the measured particle concentrations, similar size distributionswere obtained. Independent of pad material, the characteristic particle number distributions ofairborne brake wear particles have maxima around 100, 280, 350, and 550 nm.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier , 2010. Vol. 268, nr 5-6, s. 763-769
Emneord [en]
wear, airborne particles, disc brake, pin-on-disc
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11042DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2009.11.014ISI: 000275158000017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-74649084522OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11042DiVA, id: diva2:234826
Merknad

QC 20100824 Uppdaterad från submitted till published (20100824)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-09-10 Laget: 2009-09-10 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Towards a simulation methodology for prediction of airborne wear particles from disc brakes
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Towards a simulation methodology for prediction of airborne wear particles from disc brakes
2009 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

During braking, both the rotor and the pads in disc brakes are worn. Since disc brakes are not sealed, some of the wear particles generated can become airborne. Several studies have found an association between adverse health effects and the concentration of particles in the atmosphere, so it is of interest to improve our knowledge of the airborne wear particles generated by disc brakes. However, in field tests it is difficult to distinguish these particles from others in the surrounding environment, so it may be preferable to use laboratory test stands and/or simulation models to study the amount of airborne wear particles generated.

This thesis deals with a simulation methodology for prediction of airborne wear particles from disc brakes and three experimental methods for testing disc brake materials with focus on airborne wear particles. The four appended papers discuss the possibility to both measure and predict the number and size distribution of airborne wear particles that originate from the pad to rotor contact. The objective is to develop a simulation methodology that predicts the number and size distribution of airborne wear particles from disc brakes.

Paper A describes how a modified pin-on-disc machine was used to study airborne wear particles originating from different disc brake materials. The results indicate that the test setup can be used to measure and rank the number concentration and size distribution of the airborne wear particles generated.

Paper B describes a disc brake assembly test stand for measurements of airborne wear particles from disc brakes. The results indicate that the test setup can be used to measure the number concentration and size distribution of airborne wear particles generated from disc brake materials. The results also indicate a promising ability to rank different pad/rotor material combinations with respect to the number concentration of airborne wear particles.

Paper C compares measurements made in passenger car field tests with measurements made in a disc brake assembly test stand and in a pin-on-disc machine. A promising correlation between the three different test methods is found.

Paper D presents a simulation methodology for predicting the number and size distribution of airborne wear particles using finite element analysis (FEA). The simulated number distribution is compared with experimental measurements at component level. The result indicates that the proposed methodology may be used to predict the number concentration and size distribution of airborne particles generated in the pad-to-rotor contact.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. s. 17
Serie
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2009:15
Emneord
Disc brakes, Airborne wear particles, Particle coefficient, Friction
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11044 (URN)978-91-7415-391-0 (ISBN)
Presentation
B242, Brinellvägen 83, Maskin (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-09-18 Laget: 2009-09-10 Sist oppdatert: 2010-11-04bibliografisk kontrollert
2. A study of airborne wear particles from automotive disc brakes
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A study of airborne wear particles from automotive disc brakes
2011 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

During braking, both the disc and pads in disc brakes are worn. Since disc brakes are not sealed,some of the wear particles generated can become airborne. Several studies have found anassociation between adverse health effects and the concentration of particles in the atmosphere,so it is of interest to improve our knowledge of the airborne wear particles generated by discbrakes.

This thesis deals with experimental and computational methods focusing on airborne wearparticles from disc brakes. The eight appended papers discuss the possibility to both measure andnumerically determine the concentration and size distribution of airborne wear particles thatoriginate from the pad-to-disc contact. The objective is to increase the scientific knowledge ofairborne wear particles generated from disc brakes.

Papers A, B and C describe tests of disc brake materials conducted in a modified pin-on-discmachine. The results show that the test set-up can be used to measure and rank disc brakematerials with respect to the concentration of airborne particles generated. Ultrafine (nanosized),fine and coarse airborne wear particles that contain metals such as iron, copper and tin werefound.

Papers D and E describe a novel disc brake assembly test stand and tests of disc brake materialsconducted in it. The results show that the test set-up can be used to measure the concentrationand size distribution of airborne wear particles generated from disc brake materials. The resultsalso indicate an ability to rank different pad/disc combinations with respect to the concentrationof airborne wear particles. Furthermore, the results suggest that this test stand can be used tostudy rust layer removal from the disc and that airborne particles are generated even at low brakepressures, such as used to remove dirt from the disc.

Paper F compares measurements made in passenger car field tests with measurements made in adisc brake assembly test stand and in a pin-on-disc machine. A promising correlation between thethree different test methods is found.

Paper G presents and discusses a simulation methodology that numerically determines theconcentration and size distribution of airborne wear particles generated from the pad-to-disccontact in disc brakes by using general-purpose finite element software.

Paper H discusses a cellular automaton model that describes the microscopic contact situationbetween the pad and disc in disc brakes. This model is used to numerically determine the amountof wear that leaves the contact. The results correlate qualitatively with experimental observationsfound in the literature.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. s. 20
Serie
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2011:04
Emneord
Disc brakes, Airborne wear particles, Nanoparticles, Cellular automaton
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31152 (URN)978-91-7415-871-7 (ISBN)
Disputas
2011-05-27, F3 (Flodissalen), Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad
QC 20110317Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-03-17 Laget: 2011-03-10 Sist oppdatert: 2011-05-24bibliografisk kontrollert

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