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Happy hour? Studies on well-being and time spent on paid and unpaid work
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
Ansvarig organisation
2008 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis focuses on causes and consequences of paid working hours and housework hours among women and men in Sweden and Europe. It consists of four studies.

Study I investigates changes in the division of housework in Swedish couples when they become parents. The study shows that women adjust their housework hours to the number and age of children in the household, whereas men do not. Longer parental leave periods among fathers have the potential to counteract this change towards a more traditional division of housework.

Study II explores the associations between psychological distress and paid working hours, housework hours and total role time in Sweden. The results suggest that women’s psychological distress decreases with increasing paid working hours and housework hours, but that a long total role time is associated with high levels of distress. The gender difference in time spent on housework accounts for 40 per cent of the gender difference in psychological distress.

Study III asks whether hours spent on paid work and housework account for the European gender difference in well-being, and whether the associations between well-being and hours of paid work and housework is influenced by gender attitudes and social comparison. The results indicate that gender differences in time spent on paid work and housework account for a third of the gender difference in well-being. Gender attitudes and social comparison do not to any great extent influence the associations between well-being and paid work and housework, respectively.

Study IV examines possible differences between European family policy models in the associations between well-being and hours of paid work and housework. Some model differences are found, and they are accounted for by experiences of work-family conflict among men, but not among women. For both women and men, work-family conflict appears to suppress positive aspects of paid working hours.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Institutet för social forskning (SOFI) , 2008. , s. 25
Serie
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 74
Nyckelord [en]
Well-being, paid work, housework, gender equality, family policy, parental leave, social comparison, Sweden, Europe
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Forskningsämne
sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8239ISBN: 978-91-7155-73-6 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-8239DiVA, id: diva2:199873
Disputation
2008-11-07, hörsal 8, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2008-10-16 Skapad: 2008-10-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-01-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. How children impact on parent’s division of labour: A longitudinal study of changes in housework following the birth of a child
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How children impact on parent’s division of labour: A longitudinal study of changes in housework following the birth of a child
Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25507 (URN)
Anmärkning
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8239Tillgänglig från: 2008-10-16 Skapad: 2008-10-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Time spent working: Paid work, housework and the gender difference in psychological distress
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Time spent working: Paid work, housework and the gender difference in psychological distress
2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 419-442Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the connection between the time that women and men spend on paid work and housework and psychological distress, and addresses the question whether gender differences in time spent on these activities account for the gender difference in psychological distress. A group (n =1,277) of employed and cohabiting women and men from the Swedish Level-of-Living Survey 2000 (LNU 2000) are analysed using OLS regression. Results show that time spent on housework explains part of the gender difference in psychological distress. Among women, paid working time and possibly time spent on housework are associated with low psychological distress. However, spending too much time on one role decreases the possible beneficial effect of the other, and this is mainly caused by the resulting increase in total role time. Men's level of psychological distress is not associated with hours of paid work or housework. The study also shows that the division of housework between women and men is unusually uneven in households where women have a long total role time. Thus, an increase in men's participation in housework could decrease the gender difference in psychological distress as well as the number of women experiencing a high workload.

Nyckelord
division of housework; paid work; psychological distress; time use; gender equality; Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25508 (URN)10.1080/14616691003716928 (DOI)000280158900007 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2008-10-16 Skapad: 2008-10-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Relatively Different? How do Gender Differences in Well-Being Depend on Paid and Unpaid Work in Europe?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Relatively Different? How do Gender Differences in Well-Being Depend on Paid and Unpaid Work in Europe?
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 93, nr 3, s. 509-525Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-29243 (URN)10.1007/s11205-008-9434-1 (DOI)000268984200005 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2009-08-18 Skapad: 2009-08-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Work and well-being in a comparative perspective - the role of family policy
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Work and well-being in a comparative perspective - the role of family policy
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 16-30Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigates whether associations between well-being and paid work and housework, respectively, differ between European family policy models, and whether any such differences can be attributed to differences in the experience of work–family conflict. Analysing data on mothers and fathers in 18 European countries, the study finds that the traditional family policy model shows the most positive association between women’s well-being and paid working hours, although this association is concealed by work–family conflict. Possibly, the selection into long paid working hours of women with rewarding jobs is greater here than elsewhere. Women’s housework hours are also most positively associated with well-being in the traditional model, although well-being decreases when housework hours become too long. In the market-oriented model, women’s paid working hours and housework hours are instead associated with decreasing well-being, the former association appearing to be caused by work–family conflict. The strongest positive association between men’s paid working hours and well-being is found in the market-oriented model, but again, control for work–family conflict reveals positive associations in this and other models. Hence, among both mothers and fathers, work–family conflict appears to be one important reason why paid working hours are not more clearly associated with high levels of well-being.

Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-54423 (URN)10.1093/esr/jcp051 (DOI)000286988300002 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2011-02-01 Skapad: 2011-02-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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