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Stability of Typical Patterns of Subjective Well–Being in Middle–Aged Swedish Women
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 293-311Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Typical patterns of general subjective well-being (SWB) were searched for in a representative longitudinal sample of Swedish women (N = 272) at age 43 and 49. Cluster analysis at each age separately resulted in a six-cluster solution at both ages. The two solutions were similar, indicating structural stability across 6 years. Five of the six clusters also showed significant individual stability. Among these clusters, a generalized positive typical pattern and two generalized negative typical patterns were found, one characterized by very high negative affect and one characterized by very low global life satisfaction. A cluster characterized by above average positive and negative affect was also found as well as one characterized by low positive affect. A strong relationship was found between membership in an extreme cluster and the values in certain SWB-related variables, supporting the validity of the typical patterns found. Further, it was shown that cluster membership contributed to the prediction of some validation variables above the prediction achieved by using only SWB components entered as continuous variables, suggesting the presence of interactions and nonlinearities in the SWB area.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007. Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 293-311
Nyckelord [en]
Subjective well-being, Cluster analysis, Typical patterns, Person-oriented
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22942DOI: 10.1007/s10902-007-9081-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22942DiVA, id: diva2:189774
Tillgänglig från: 2006-09-25 Skapad: 2006-09-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Subjective Well-Being in Swedish Women
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Subjective Well-Being in Swedish Women
2006 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis concerns middle-aged women’s subjective well-being (SWB). The interest is focused on the importance of childhood factors, social circumstances, and personality for middle-aged women’s general SWB. Data were taken from the longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA, Magnusson & Bergman, 2000) and concerned a sample of about 300 women. The main analyses were made on data collected at age 43, but data collected at age 13 and age 49 were also used to elucidate the purposes of this thesis. The results can be summarized as follows: 1) In a Swedish sample of middle-aged women, social circumstances had only a moderate effect on general SWB variables. The strongest relationship was found between marital status and global life satisfaction. When personality factors were controlled for, they wiped out nearly all relationships between the social circumstances variables and SWB, except for those between global life satisfaction and marital status or unemployment; 2) The level of general SWB was found to be considerably higher for Swedish employed women as compared to their counterparts in Lithuania and different socio-demographic variables predicted SWB in those two countries. For the Swedish sample, family-oriented variables were the strongest predictors of SWB, while for the Lithuanian sample income and educational level were more important; 3) Results from applying longitudinal structural equation modeling suggested that optimism in adolescence influenced optimism in middle age, which in its turn had both a direct influence on global life satisfaction and an indirect influence via the negative affect dimension. In relation to a number of different adjustment factors measured in adolescence it was found that optimism was the only factor that was constantly related to SWB 30 years later; 4) Typical patterns of general SWB were identified. Cluster analyses at age 43 and age 49 separately resulted in similar well-functioning six cluster solutions at both ages, indicating structural stability across six years. In addition to the typical high/low/average SWB clusters that could be to some degree expected from variable-oriented results, a cluster with intense affect and one with very low GLS emerged. All clusters except the latter one showed individual stability across six years.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2006. s. 58
Nyckelord
women, subjective well-being, longitudinal, cluster analysis, social circumstances, personality
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1278 (URN)91-7155-337-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2006-10-16, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2006-09-25 Skapad: 2006-09-25Bibliografiskt granskad

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Bergman, Lars R.
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