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Intercostal nerve transfer for biceps reinnervation in obstetrical brachial plexus palsy: a preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis for individual patient data systematic review using individualized fusion and comparison to supraclavicular exploration and nerve grafting
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, NJ, Newark, United States.
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, NJ, Newark, United States.
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, NJ, Newark, United States.
Department of Statistics, Rutgers University, NJ, Piscataway, United States.
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics, ISSN 1863-2521, E-ISSN 1863-2548, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 54-63Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The objective of this study was to search existing literature on nerve reconstruction surgery in patients with obstetric brachial plexus palsy to determine whether treatment with supraclavicular exploration and nerve grafting produced better elbow flexion outcomes compared to intercostal nerve transfer.

Methods: This study was a systematic review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis for Individual Patient Data guidelines. A systematic search was conducted using multiple databases. An ordinal regression model was used to analyze the effect of using supraclavicular exploration and nerve grafting or intercostal nerve on elbow flexion with the two scores measured: elbow flexion Medical Research Council scores and Toronto active movements scale scores for elbow flexion.

Results: A final patient database from 6 published articles consisted of 83 supraclavicular exploration and nerve grafting patients (73 patients with Medical Research Council and 10 patients with Toronto score) and 7 published articles which consisted of 131 intercostal nerve patients (84 patients with Medical Research Council and 47 patients with Toronto scores). Patients who underwent supraclavicular exploration and nerve grafting presented with an average Medical Research Council score of 3.9 ± 0.72 and an average Toronto score of 6.2 ± 2.2. Patients who underwent intercostal nerve transfer presented with an average Medical Research Council score of 3.9 ± 0.71 and an average Toronto score of 6.4 ± 1.2. There was no statistical difference between supraclavicular exploration and nerve grafting and intercostal nerve transfer when utilizing Medical Research Council elbow flexion scores (ordinal regression: 0.3821, standard error: 0.4590, p = 0.2551) or Toronto Active Movement Scale score for elbow flexion (ordinal regression: 0.7154, standard error: 0.8487, p = 0.2188).

Conclusion: Regardless of surgical intervention utilized (supraclavicular exploration and nerve grafting or intercostal nerve transfers), patients had excellent outcomes for elbow flexion following obstetric brachial plexus palsy when utilizing Medical Research Council or Toronto scores for elbow flexion. The difference between these scores was not statistically significant.

Type of study/Level of evidence: Therapeutic Study: Investigating the Result of Treatment/level III.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2024. Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 54-63
Nyckelord [en]
elbow flexion, intercostal, nerve grafting, nerve transfer, Obstetric brachial plexus palsy
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-221854DOI: 10.1177/18632521231211644ISI: 001159149500002PubMedID: 38348437Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85185481115OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-221854DiVA, id: diva2:1843791
Tillgänglig från: 2024-03-12 Skapad: 2024-03-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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