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Validity of diagnoses, treatment dates, and rating scales in the Swedish national quality register for electroconvulsive therapy
School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Karolinska Institutet, and Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2022 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 96-103Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The Swedish national quality register for electroconvulsive therapy (Q-ECT) contains data on patients receiving treatment with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in Sweden.

AIM: This study determined the validity of diagnoses, treatment dates, and rating scales in the Q-ECT by investigating the degree of accordance between data from the Q-ECT and patient records.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2016 to December 2017, 200 treatment series were randomly selected from the Q-ECT. The corresponding patient records were requested from the treating hospitals. Data on the indicative diagnosis, dates for the first and the last ECT session, and rating scales were compared between the Q-ECT and patient records using (i) a strict and (ii) a liberal method of assessment. Using the liberal method, each variable was assessed as accordant if it belonged to the same diagnosis group, or if the dates differed by less than 1 week, or ratings differed by only 1 point on the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI- S), or no more than 3 points on the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale between the Q-ECT and the patient record.

RESULTS: A total of 179 patient records were received. The strict method of assessment showed an accordance of 89% or higher for all studied variables. The liberal method showed an accordance of 95% or higher.

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that data on the studied variables in the Q-ECT have high validity. However, limited use of some rating scales makes the results uncertain. Measures can be taken to further improve the data quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2022. Vol. 76, no 2, p. 96-103
Keywords [en]
Electroconvulsive therapy, data accuracy, registries
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-93511DOI: 10.1080/08039488.2021.1939416ISI: 000681210600001PubMedID: 34346852Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85111864447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-93511DiVA, id: diva2:1583966
Note

Funding agencies:

Region Örebro County ALF

Nyckelfonden at Örebro University Hospital

Available from: 2021-08-10 Created: 2021-08-10 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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