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Maternal temperament and character: associations to child behavior at the age of 3 years
Linköping Univ, Div Childrens & Womens Hlth, Dept Biomed & Clin Sci, SE-58185 Linköping, Sweden..
Linköping Univ, Div Childrens & Womens Hlth, Dept Biomed & Clin Sci, SE-58185 Linköping, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Cervenka: Psychiatry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5760-7730
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke Univ Coll, Dept Social Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
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2021 (English)In: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, E-ISSN 1753-2000, Vol. 15, article id 23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The influence of maternal temperament on child behavior, and whether maternal temperament impact boys and girls differently is not thoroughly studied. The aim was to investigate the impact of maternal temperament and character on child externalizing and internalizing problems at age 3.

Methods: A birth-cohort of 1723 mothers and their children were followed from birth to age 3. At the child's age of 3 months, the mothers filled out standardized instruments on their temperament and character using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and depressive symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). At the child's age of 3 years, the mothers reported on child behavior using the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL).

Results: Maternal temperamental trait novelty seeking was positively associated with externalizing problems in the total population and in girls. Harm avoidance was positively associated with externalizing problems in the total population and in boys, and with internalizing problems in the total population and boys and girls respectively. Maternal character traits of self-directedness and cooperativeness were negatively associated with both externalizing and internalizing problems in the total population and in boys and girls respectively.

Conclusions: Maternal character traits were more influential on child behavior than were temperamental traits, and thus the opportunities for intervention targeted at parental support are good. Maternal mental health and socioeconomic aspects also increased the risk for child behavior problems, indicating the need for recognition and support in clinical settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC BioMed Central (BMC), 2021. Vol. 15, article id 23
Keywords [en]
Children, Mothers, Temperament, Behavior problems, SESBiC
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-443080DOI: 10.1186/s13034-021-00375-5ISI: 000647710500001PubMedID: 33957964OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-443080DiVA, id: diva2:1558219
Available from: 2021-05-28 Created: 2021-05-28 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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