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Immigrant-native differences in long-term self-employment
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Demographic change and the public sector)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0702-5564
Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy, Sweden;Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden. (Demographic change and the public sector)
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Demographic change and the public sector)
2022 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 1661-1697Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
SDG 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Abstract [en]

We study immigrant-native differences in long-term self-employment in Sweden combining population-wide register data and a unique survey targeting a large representative sample of the total population of long-term self-employment. Using the registers, we analyze the evolution of labor and capital incomes during the first 10 years following self-employment entry. We find that immigrant-native differences in labor income become smaller, whereas immigrant-native differences in capital income grow stronger, over the course of self-employment. These findings are robust to controlling for factors such as organizational form and type of industry. We use the survey data to gain further insights into immigrant-native differences among the long-term self-employed, and show that immigrant self-employed experience more problems and earn less, but work harder than native self-employed. They also have a less personal relation to their customers, do not enjoy their work as much as natives, and appear to have different perspectives on self-employment in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022. Vol. 58, no 3, p. 1661-1697
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-100722DOI: 10.1007/s11187-021-00462-zISI: 000671536300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85109943020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-100722DiVA, id: diva2:1523751
Funder
The Kamprad Family FoundationAvailable from: 2021-01-29 Created: 2021-01-29 Last updated: 2022-11-16Bibliographically approved

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Aldén, LinaBastani, SpencerHammarstedt, MatsMiao, Chizheng
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