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State of the art in hydrogen liquefaction
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8059-1546
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6982-2879
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9556-552X
2020 (English)In: Proceedings of the ISES Solar World Congress 2019 and IEA SHC International Conference on Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings and Industry 2019, International Solar Energy Society , 2020, p. 1311-1320Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Hydrogen is a potential option to replace fossil fuels considering the increasing demand of energy applications. It is naturally abundant and is regarded as a suitable energy carrier. There has been extensive research to improve the efficiency of storing hydrogen with different methods, including gas compression, liquefaction and sorption in metal hydrides or carbon nanotubes. A comparison of the storage methods shows that liquefaction of hydrogen is more beneficial than compression of hydrogen in terms of higher volumetric capacity, and it is more technologically mature than sorption technologies. This makes it more plausible for long distance distribution. On the other hand, the obstacles in full exploitation of the method are low energy efficiency of the liquefaction process and associated high cost. The recent research has been focusing on increasing the energy efficiency of the storage process. This paper provides, with regard to the conventional methods, a state of the art review of the novel and modified liquefaction process and the latest developments in increasing the efficiency of the energy intensive process. Furthermore, the developments in combining the hydrogen liquefaction plants with renewable energy sources are covered and reviewed. Finally, the ongoing development of hydrogen liquefaction is highlighted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Solar Energy Society , 2020. p. 1311-1320
Keywords [en]
Efficiency, Energy Storage, Exergy, Hydrogen, Liquefaction, Energy efficiency, Fossil fuels, Hydrides, Hydrogen fuels, Renewable energy resources, Solar heating, Conventional methods, Distance distributions, Energy applications, Hydrogen liquefaction, Liquefaction process, Renewable energy source, State-of-the art reviews, Volumetric capacity, Hydrogen storage
National Category
Energy Engineering Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-285388DOI: 10.18086/swc.2019.23.01ISI: 000604438100127Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85086824442OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-285388DiVA, id: diva2:1505260
Conference
ISES Solar World Congress 2019, SWC 2019 and IEA SHC International Conference on Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings and Industry 2019, SHC 2019, 4 November 2019 through 7 November 2019
Note

QC 20201130

Available from: 2020-11-30 Created: 2020-11-30 Last updated: 2024-01-10Bibliographically approved

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