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Patterns in the social representation of "hearing loss" across countries: how do demographic factors influence this representation?
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 57, no 12, p. 925-932Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study aims to understand patterns in the social representation of hearing loss reported by adults across different countries and explore the impact of different demographic factors on response patterns. The study used a cross-sectional survey design. Data were collected using a free association task and analysed using qualitative content analysis, cluster analysis and chi-square analysis. The study sample included 404 adults (18 years and over) in the general population from four countries (India, Iran, Portugal and UK). The cluster analysis included 380 responses out of 404 (94.06%) and resulted in five clusters. The clusters were named: (1) individual aspects; (2) aetiology; (3) the surrounding society; (4) limitations and (5) exposed. Various demographic factors (age, occupation type, education and country) showed an association with different clusters, although country of origin seemed to be associated with most clusters. The study results suggest that how hearing loss is represented in adults in general population varies and is mainly related to country of origin. These findings strengthen the argument about cross-cultural differences in perception of hearing loss, which calls for a need to make necessary accommodations while developing public health strategies about hearing loss.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018. Vol. 57, no 12, p. 925-932
Keywords [en]
Hearing loss, attitude, cross-culture, social representation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15212DOI: 10.1080/14992027.2018.1516894ISI: 000451230300007PubMedID: 30468404Local ID: 27089OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-15212DiVA, id: diva2:1418733
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedhttps://tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14992027.2018.1516894

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Germundsson, PerDanermark, Berth
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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