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Effects of emotion recognition training on mood among individuals with high levels of depressive symptoms: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Univ Bristol, Sch Expt Psychol, Bristol BS8 1TU, Avon, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8398-4460
Univ Bristol, Sch Expt Psychol, Bristol BS8 1TU, Avon, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4232-0953
Univ Oxford, Warneford Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Oxford OX3 7JX, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1609-8335
MRC Cognit & Brain Sci Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, England. (EMIL)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7319-3112
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2013 (English)In: Trials, E-ISSN 1745-6215, Vol. 14, article id 161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: We have developed a new paradigm that targets the recognition of facial expression of emotions. Here we report the protocol of a randomised controlled trial of the effects of emotion recognition training on mood in a sample of individuals with depressive symptoms over a 6-week follow-up period. Methods/Design: We will recruit 190 adults from the general population who report high levels of depressive symptoms (defined as a score >= 14 on the Beck Depression Inventory-II). Participants will attend a screening session and will be randomised to intervention or control procedures, repeated five times over consecutive days (Monday to Friday). A follow-up session will take place at end-of -treatment, 2-weeks and 6-weeks after training. Our primary study outcome will be depressive symptoms, Beck Depression Inventory- II (rated over the past two weeks). Our secondary outcomes are: depressive symptoms, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression; anxiety symptoms, Beck Anxiety Inventory (rated over the past month); positive affect, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (rated as 'how you feel right now'); negative affect, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (rated as 'how you feel right now'); emotion sensitivity, Emotion Recognition Task (test phase); approach motivation and persistence, the Fishing Game; and depressive interpretation bias, Scrambled Sentences Test. Discussion: This study is of a novel cognitive bias modification technique that targets biases in emotional processing characteristic of depression, and can be delivered automatically via computer, Internet or Smartphone. It therefore has potential to be a valuable cost-effective adjunctive treatment for depression which may be used together with more traditional psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy and pharmacotherapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD , 2013. Vol. 14, article id 161
Keywords [en]
Emotion recognition training, Mood, Depression
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-405239DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-161ISI: 000320585200001PubMedID: 23725208OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-405239DiVA, id: diva2:1396917
Available from: 2020-02-26 Created: 2020-02-26 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Adams, SallyPenton-Voak, Ian S.Harmer, Catherine J.Holmes, Emily A.Munafo, Marcus R.
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