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Förutsättningar för elevers textskapande: En studie om digitala resurser, multimodalitet och elevers handlingsmöjligheter
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
2020 (Svenska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Modern society is characterised by change. Humans’ ways of communicating have changed in many ways due to society’s social, linguistic, cultural and textual plurality. The digitalisation of society has contributed considerably to the changed conditions for communication and representation that have emerged. Given these new conditions, it is crucial to increase the body of knowledge about how digital resources shape possibilities for students’ participation in text activities in school. The purpose of this thesis was to increase the understanding about the role of digital resources for middle school students' meaning-making as they create text in school. The theoretical point of departures includes multimodal social semiotics and multiliteracies. The participants included 111 Swedish middle school students. A multiple methods design was used in this thesis and included multimodal text analysis, interviews, a survey and multimodal analysis of video observations. Four studies were conducted. Overall, the results of the thesis indicated that the use of digital resources enabled students to create texts on more equal terms an dactively participate in writing activities. When designing texts with access to multiple modes, students used digital resources and various modes in diverse ways. Some students chose to use only writing, whereas others utilised the whole range of available resources. Students appeared to choose modes based on previous experiences and modal preferences. The availability of multiple modes during the digital text design process could mean that some students’ text design experiences in the home environment were recognised in the school context. For a few students, the allowances offered by digital and modal resources enabled them to actually create stories, which was rather difficult when using the mode of writing alone. An analysis of the content of students’ texts indicated that many students were influenced by the popular culture texts that they engaged with in informal settings. The pedagogical implications for literacy practices include and recognising students’ experiences from engaging with texts in informal settings, whether popular or not, in the classroom environment to connect students’ life and classroom experiences. This form of education is built on plurality and students’ resources.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2020. , s. 111
Serie
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 316
Nyckelord [en]
Agency, digital resources, literacy, multimodality, text making
Nationell ämneskategori
Pedagogik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38444ISBN: 978-91-88947-41-3 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-38444DiVA, id: diva2:1394458
Disputation
2020-03-20, E409, Sundsvall, 10:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbeten opublicerade: delarbete 3 (inskickat), delarbete 4 (inskickat).

At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished: paper 3 (submitted), paper 4 (submitted).

Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-19 Skapad: 2020-02-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Pros and Cons: Handwriting Versus Digital Writing
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Pros and Cons: Handwriting Versus Digital Writing
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, ISSN 1891-943X, E-ISSN 1891-943X, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 143-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study compares three different writing conditions – pen and paper, tablet, and tablet with access to speech synthesis – within a class of fourth graders in Sweden. The aim was to examine if these different conditions for writing had any impact on students’ creation of narrative text. The empirical data consists of students’ texts, composed under these three conditions, completed with data from participant observations. The theoretical model, the Wheel of Writing, in combination with a process analysis described in Systemic Functional Linguistics, served as a basis for analysis of the texts. Observations were analysed using content analysis. Findings presented in this article are partly in line with previous research. Speech synthesis seemed to play a crucial role in improving students’ writing. The texts were affected in terms of increased text length, spelling, structure, and content when using digital resources. These results were most obvious for students with Swedish as their sec- ond language. One core finding, which was true for most students, was that processes describing action verbs increased when students wrote digitally. Contradicting this, when students wrote by hand they used more processes, describing feelings and verbal processes.

Nyckelord
handwriting, digital resources, writing, narrative text
Nationell ämneskategori
Utbildningsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32485 (URN)10.18261/ISSN.1891-943X-2017-04-04 (DOI)000419071400004 ()2-s2.0-85038370055 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-18 Skapad: 2017-12-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-19Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Digital writing tools from the student perspective: Access, affordances, and agency
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Digital writing tools from the student perspective: Access, affordances, and agency
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Education and Information Technologies: Official Journal of the IFIP technical committee on Education, ISSN 1360-2357, E-ISSN 1573-7608, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 1563-1581Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Along with digital development, new possibilities for communicating have emerged. The younger generation has adopted these new possibilities to a great extent. In order to be able to utilise the opportunities offered by digital tools when writing, access to digital tools is essential. Schools need to develop a writing education that meets students’ contemporary writing needs. In considering this, it is important to learn more about the gains and the losses in digital writing. The purpose of this study was to understand and discuss the relation between students’ digital access, students’ per- ceived affordances with digital writing, and student agency. The methods used were a statistical survey and qualitative interviews. Six classes from five different schools located in a municipality in the middle of Sweden were chosen as an informant group. The results indicate that the most common condition concerning students’ digital access was that students shared digital tools for writing with their families. An analysis of affordances was carried out to interpret the empirical findings from the qualitative data. Affordances that emerged were: write-ability, edit-ability, story-telling ability and accessibility. In addition, the ways in which digital access and the affordances per- ceived can be related to student agency were analysed. The main conclusion was that given the conditions of digital access and opportunities to practice, the affordances of digital writing can increase student agency. In turn, this suggests that writing education that focuses on student agency can contribute to equity in writing activities.

Nyckelord
Affordances, Agency, Digitaltools, Students’views
Nationell ämneskategori
Utbildningsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35126 (URN)10.1007/s10639-018-9844-x (DOI)000461557100031 ()2-s2.0-85058047256 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-10 Skapad: 2018-12-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-19Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Meanings made in students’ multimodal digital stories: A multimodal text analysis of students´ representations
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Meanings made in students’ multimodal digital stories: A multimodal text analysis of students´ representations
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Designs for Learning, ISSN 1654-7608, Vol. 12, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The young generation are both consumers and producers of digital multimodal texts and can thus be seen as cocreators of the culture and the contexts that they are part of. Learning more about how students create multimodal texts and what students’ texts are about can extend the understanding of contemporary meaning making. This study examines 23 Swedish fifth-grade students’ multimodal digital stories in a school context. The aim of this research was to understand the meaning that the students made in their digital narratives and to describe how they made that meaning. This study’s multimodal textual analysis is based on the multiliteracies perspective. The results indicate that all of the students, to varying degrees, took advantage of the available digital and modal resources. Some students chose writing as their sole mode, but others used all of the available resources. Furthermore, the results revealed that students’ popular culture experiences influenced many of their texts, which can indicate that popular culture texts are used as resources for making meaning about the world.

Nyckelord
digital resources, meaning-making, multiliteracies, multimodal design, popular culture, students’ text, values
Nationell ämneskategori
Pedagogik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38452 (URN)10.5334/dfl.145 (DOI)
Anmärkning

As submitted this article was part of the doctoral dissertation of Helene Dahlström. 

Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-18 Skapad: 2020-02-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-05-11Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Students multimodal digital design processes: A study of middle school students use of modes and media while creating stories
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Students multimodal digital design processes: A study of middle school students use of modes and media while creating stories
(Engelska)Ingår i: Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
Nationell ämneskategori
Pedagogik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38453 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-18 Skapad: 2020-02-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-19Bibliografiskt granskad

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