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Neurobiological and behavioural responses of cleaning mutualisms to ocean warming and acidification
Univ Lisbon, MARE Marine & Environm Sci Ctr, Lab Maritimo da Guia, Fac Ciencias, Av Nossa Senhora do Cabo 939, P-2750374 Cascais, Portugal.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1729-7256
Univ Lisbon, MARE Marine & Environm Sci Ctr, Lab Maritimo da Guia, Fac Ciencias, Av Nossa Senhora do Cabo 939, P-2750374 Cascais, Portugal.
Univ Lisbon, MARE Marine & Environm Sci Ctr, Lab Maritimo da Guia, Fac Ciencias, Av Nossa Senhora do Cabo 939, P-2750374 Cascais, Portugal.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Winberg: Behavioral Neuroendocrinology.
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2019 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 12728Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cleaning interactions are textbook examples of mutualisms. On coral reefs, most fishes engage in cooperative interactions with cleaners fishes, where they benefit from ectoparasite reduction and ultimately stress relief. Furthermore, such interactions elicit beneficial effects on clients' ecophysiology. However, the potential effects of future ocean warming (OW) and acidification (OA) on these charismatic associations are unknown. Here we show that a 45-day acclimation period to OW (+3 degrees C) and OA (980 mu atm pCO(2)) decreased interactions between cleaner wrasses (Labroides dimidiatus) and clients (Naso elegans). Cleaners also invested more in the interactions by providing tactile stimulation under OA. Although this form of investment is typically used by cleaners to prolong interactions and reconcile after cheating, interaction time and client jolt rate (a correlate of dishonesty) were not affected by any stressor. In both partners, the dopaminergic (in all brain regions) and serotoninergic (forebrain) systems were significantly altered by these stressors. On the other hand, in cleaners, the interaction with warming ameliorated dopaminergic and serotonergic responses to OA. Dopamine and serotonin correlated positively with motivation to interact and cleaners interaction investment (tactile stimulation). We advocate that such neurobiological changes associated with cleaning behaviour may affect the maintenance of community structures on coral reefs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2019. Vol. 9, article id 12728
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Ecology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-394199DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-49086-0ISI: 000483705000005PubMedID: 31484945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-394199DiVA, id: diva2:1359164
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Swedish Research CouncilEU, Horizon 2020Available from: 2019-10-08 Created: 2019-10-08 Last updated: 2019-10-08Bibliographically approved

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