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Exercise Intensity During Cross-Country Skiing Described by Oxygen Demands in Flat and Uphill Terrain
Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences.
Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences.
Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences.
Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences.
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2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 9, article id 846Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: In this study wearable global navigation satellite system units were used on athletes to investigate pacing patterns by describing exercise intensities in flat and uphill terrain during a simulated cross-country ski race.

Methods: Eight well-trained male skiers (age: 23.0 ± 4.8 years, height: 183.8 ± 6.8 cm, weight: 77.1 ± 6.1 kg, VO2peak: 73 ± 5 mL⋅kg-1⋅min-1) completed a 13.5-km individual time trial outdoors and a standardized indoor treadmill protocol on roller skis. Positional data were recorded during the time trial using a differential global navigation satellite system to calculate external workloads in flat and uphill terrain. From treadmill tests, the individual relationships between oxygen consumption and external workload in flat (1°) and uphill (8°) terrain were determined, in addition to VO2peak and the maximal accumulated O2-deficit. To estimate the exercise intensity in the time trial, the O2-demand in two different flat and five different uphill sections was calculated by extrapolation of individual O2-consumption/workload ratios.

Results: There was a significant interaction between section and average O2-demands, with higher O2-demands in the uphill sections (110–160% of VO2peak) than in the flat sections (≤100% of VO2peak) (p < 0.01). The maximal accumulated O2-deficit associated with uphill treadmill roller skiing was significantly higher compared to flat (6.2 ± 0.5 vs. 4.6 ± 0.5 L, p < 0.01), while no significant difference was found in VO2peak.

Conclusion: Cross-country (XC) skiers repeatedly applied exercise intensities exceeding their maximal aerobic power. ΣO2-deficits were higher during uphill skiing compared to flat which has implications for the duration and magnitude of supramaximal work rates that can be applied in different types of terrain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 9, article id 846
Keywords [en]
cross-country skiing, exercise intensity, external power, global navigation satellite system, metabolic rate, pacing
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37418DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00846OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-37418DiVA, id: diva2:1356260
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved

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