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Cultural Pluralism and Epistemic Injustice
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Culture and Aesthetics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Nationalism, Memory & Language Politics, ISSN 2570-5857, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For liberalism, values such as respect, reciprocity, and tolerance should framecultural encounters in multicultural societies. However, it is easy to disregardthat power differences and political domination also influence the culturalsphere and the relations between cultural groups. In this essay, I focus onsome challenges for cultural pluralism. In relation to Indian political theoristRajeev Bhargava, I discuss the meaning of cultural domination and epistemicinjustice and their historical and moral implications. Bhargava argued thatas a consequence of colonialism, “indigenous cultures” were inferiorized,marginalized, and anonymized. Although cultures are often changing dueto external influences, I argue that epistemic injustice implies that a cultureis forced to subjection, disrespected, and considered as inferior and that itthreatens the dominated people’s epistemic framework, collective identity,and existential security. Finally, I refer to John Rawls’s theory of politicalliberalism as a constructive approach to avoid parochialism and Westerncultural domination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
De Gruyter Open, 2019. Vol. 13, no 2, p. 1-12
Keywords [en]
cultural pluralism; epistemic injustice; liberalism; colonialism; historical justice; globalization; Rajeev Bhargava; John Rawls
National Category
Ethics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160212DOI: 10.2478/jnmlp-2019-0008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-160212DiVA, id: diva2:1350220
Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-11 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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