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Low-Overhead Cyclic Reference Signals for Channel Estimation in FDD Massive MIMO
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Signals and Systems Group.
Nokia Bell Labs, D-81541 Munich, Germany.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Signals and Systems Group.
2019 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Communications, ISSN 0090-6778, E-ISSN 1558-0857, Vol. 67, no 5, p. 3279-3291Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) transmission and coordinated multipoint transmission are candidate technologies for increasing data throughput in evolving 5G standards. Frequency division duplex (FDD) is likely to remain predominant in large parts of the spectrum below 6 GHz for future 5G systems. Therefore, it is important to estimate the downlink FDD channels from a very large number of antennas, while avoiding an excessive downlink reference signal overhead. We here propose and investigate a three part solution. First, massive MIMO downlinks use a fixed grid of beams. For each user, only a subset of beams will then be relevant, and require estimation. Second, sets of coded reference signal sequences, with cyclic patterns over time, are used. Third, each terminal estimates its most relevant channels. We here propose and compare a linear mean square estimation and a Kalman estimation. Both utilize frequency and antenna correlation, and the later also utilizes temporal correlation. In extensive simulations, this scheme provides channel estimates that lead to an insignificant beamforming performance degradation as compared to full channel knowledge. The cyclic pattern of coded reference signals is found to be important for reliable channel estimation, without having to adjust the reference signals to specific users.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC , 2019. Vol. 67, no 5, p. 3279-3291
Keywords [en]
Radio channel estimation, frequency division duplex, antenna arrays
National Category
Signal Processing Telecommunications Communication Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-386180DOI: 10.1109/TCOMM.2019.2895059ISI: 000468228900014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-386180DiVA, id: diva2:1327160
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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Output format
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