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Heart rate (variability) and the association between relational peer victimization and internalizing symptoms in elementary school children
Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands. (Kvinna, barn, ungdom och familj)
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2019 (English)In: Development and psychopathology (Print), ISSN 0954-5794, E-ISSN 1469-2198, p. 1-9, article id 29 aprilArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Relational victimization typically emerges first during the elementary school period, and has been associated with increased levels of internalizing symptoms in children. Individual differences in autonomic nervous system functioning have been suggested as a potential factor linking social stressors and internalizing symptoms. The aim of this study was therefore to examine whether heart rate and heart rate variability mediated the association between relational victimization and internalizing symptoms in 373 mainstream elementary school children. Children were assessed in 2015 (T 0 ; Grades 3-5, M age = 9.78 years, 51% boys) and reassessed in 2016 (T 1 ). Heart rate and heart rate variability were assessed during a regular school day at T 1 . A multi-informant (teacher and peer report) cross-time measure of relational victimization, and a multi-informant (self- and teacher report) measure of internalizing problems at T 1 was used. Results showed that heart rate variability, but not heart rate, mediated the association between relational victimization and internalizing symptoms. This study provides tentative support that in children from a general population sample, a psychobiological factor may mediate the association of relational victimization with internalizing symptoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press , 2019. p. 1-9, article id 29 april
Keywords [en]
autonomic nervous system, children, internalizing symptoms, relational victimization
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Occupational Health and Environmental Health Pediatrics Psychiatry
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16898DOI: 10.1017/S0954579419000269PubMedID: 31030689Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065088872OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16898DiVA, id: diva2:1316661
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved

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