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Passive film characterisation of duplex stainless steel using scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy in combination with electrochemical measurements
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9453-1333
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4431-0671
2019 (English)In: npJ Materials Degradation, ISSN 2397-2106, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The characterisation of passive oxide films on heterogeneous microstructures is needed to assess local degradation (corrosion, cracking) in aggressive environments. The Volta potential is a surface-sensitive parameter which can be used to assess the surface nobility and hence passive films. In this work, it is shown that the Volta potential, measured on super duplex stainless steel by scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy, correlates with the electrochemical properties of the passive film, measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarisation. Natural oxidation by ageing in ambient air as well as artificial oxidation by immersion in concentrated nitric acid improved the nobility, both reflected by increased Volta potentials and electrochemical parameters. Passivation was associated with vanishing of the inherent Volta potential difference between the ferrite and austenite, thereby reducing the galvanic coupling and hence improving the corrosion resistance of the material. Hydrogen-passive film interactions, triggered by cathodic polarisation, however, largely increased the Volta potential difference between the phases, resulting in loss of electrochemical nobility, with the ferrite being more affected than the austenite. A correlative approach of using the Volta potential in conjunction with electrochemical data has been introduced to characterise the nobility of passive films in global and local scale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-8
Keywords [en]
Scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy; SKPFM; Volta potential; Duplex Stainless Steel; Corrosion; Electrochemical Nobility; Electrochemical Measurements; Polarization; Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials Materials Engineering Corrosion Engineering Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Materials Science and Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-248530DOI: 10.1038/s41529-019-0071-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-248530DiVA, id: diva2:1303385
Note

QC 20190507

Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-05-07Bibliographically approved

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Örnek, CemLeygraf, ChristopherPan, Jinshan
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