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Exploring research participants' perceptions of cardiovascular risk information-Room for improvement and empowerment
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7293-3411
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4413-9736
Erasmus Univ, Erasmus Choice Modelling Ctr, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
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2019 (English)In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 102, no 8, p. 1528-1534Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore research participants' (adults, age 50-65) perceptions of receiving cardiovascular risk information.

METHODS: Five focus group interviews (N = 31) were performed with research participants aged 50-65 who participated in the Swedish CArdioPulmonary BioImage Study (SCAPIS). The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

RESULTS: The categories; the complexity of cardiovascular risk; insufficient presentation of test result; emotional responses; and health examinations provides confirmation, emerged. The test results were written in medical terms and lacked recommendations for further action which made it difficult for lay people to understand and use, and for some, also caused unnecessary worry.

CONCLUSION: There was inadequate guidance concerning the implications of the test results, especially for participants without clinical findings. In order to allow research participants to obtain better cognitive and behavioral control, improvements are needed with regard to how personal risk information is communicated in research projects connected to health services.

PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The participants largely relied on physical signs when assessing their own cardiovascular risk. Health examinations are crucial for helping to add nuance to individuals' risk perceptions. For personal health information to have any real value for individuals, it must be designed from a user perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 102, no 8, p. 1528-1534
Keywords [en]
Cardiovascular diseases, Cardiovascular risk information, Health examinations, Qualitative research, Risk perception
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-381032DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2019.03.010ISI: 000470667500017PubMedID: 30928343OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-381032DiVA, id: diva2:1301968
Funder
Swedish Heart Lung FoundationAvailable from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-07-05Bibliographically approved

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Grauman, ÅsaHansson, Mats G.James, Stefan KVeldwijk, JorienHöglund, Anna T
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