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The End of Water Scarcity?: Environmental Determinism and Water Security
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

 Is there no development without water? Are arid and dry regions destined to face water scarcity? This essay argues

that with globalisation and technological advancements in the water sector are making time and place less relevant

for hydro securing societies. Instead, relevant for water insecure countries is the asymmetrical access to

technologies and management. For instance, landscapes that are preconditioned to be dry are no longer determined

to face water scarcity because of desalination industries such as in the case of Saudi Arabia.

This paper will address the three following questions:

a) What factors can explain water scarcity conditions in which they are not geographically preconditioned?

b) In what ways have technological interventions created water security for societies living in

geographically pre-conditioned physically water-scarce regions?

c) Why is Saudi Arabia, a country who lack access to physical water sources such as rivers, lakes or

groundwater not determined to become underdeveloped?

The result from this qualitative research suggests that technological advancements does compress time and space

and makes some societies living in dry and arid regions able to access fresh water from far distances. The example

taken with the virtual water trading and the polar ice towing illustrates that with the capacity to invest in

technologies may overcome environmental deterministic factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 26
Series
Uppsatser Kulturgeografiska institutionen
Keywords [en]
Water Security, Development, Technologies, Environmental determinism
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-378708OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-378708DiVA, id: diva2:1294739
Subject / course
Samhällsgeografi
Available from: 2019-03-08 Created: 2019-03-08 Last updated: 2019-03-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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