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Follow-up of Patients Treated with Sclerosing Therapy and/or Surgery for Achilles Tendinopathy
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Achilles tendinopathy can be a chronic disabling condition. Sclerosing injections under ultrasonographic guidance is one method to treat Achilles tendinopathy. Initially good results have later been questioned. Surgery is another treatment option that has been questioned because of varying reported success rate.

Aim: We aimed to assess patient- reported outcome in patients suffering from Achilles tendinopathy, treated with sclerosing injections and/or surgery during a 6 ½ year- period.

Method: After review of patient records, the Self-reported foot and ankle score (SEFAS) together with an in-house satisfaction questionnaire were mailed to the patients. A SEFAS score of 48 represents normal foot/ankle function.

Results: 97 patients (53 women, 44 men, 104 tendons) were included. 69 patients (41 women, 28 men, 75 tendons) returned the questionnaires. The SEFAS values (median and range) were 37.5 (13-48) in patients treated with sclerosing therapy, 42 (15-48) in patients treated surgically and 47 (19-48) in patients that received both treatments. A greater proportion of surgically treated patients were satisfied (90% vs 50%), experienced symptom improvement and were able to return to the previous level of activity. Complications following surgery were wound infections (n=3) and deep vein thrombosis (n=3), two with pulmonary embolism. Following sclerosing injection, there was one complete Achilles tendon rupture.

Conclusion: Sclerosing injections seems to be a safe treatment and a positive outcome in 50% of patients might be sufficient to use this therapy in selected patients with Achilles tendinopathy. However, surgical treatments seem more effective but are associated with more severe complications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Achilles tendinopathy, Conservative treatment, Physiotherapy, Sclerosing injections, Self-reported foot and ankle score
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72993OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-72993DiVA, id: diva2:1294355
Subject / course
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-03-07 Created: 2019-03-07 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved

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