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Online Distance Education and Transition to Parenthood Among Female University Students in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0347-3802
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 795-823Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The expansion of tertiary education is key to understanding postponement of first births. Currently, online distance education is changing the nature of university enrolment. In this study, I suggest that online distance education impacts on fertility by facilitating the transition to parenthood among students. I examine the relationship between online distance education and first births during university enrolment. Using survival analysis of register data for the 1968–1991 female cohorts, I examine the impact of distance and campus education on first-parity transitions during university enrolment between 2004 and 2012 (N = 938,768). Results indicate that the negative association between enrolment and first parity conception differs substantially between campus and distance enrolment. Compared to non-enrolment, the hazard of first parity conception is 70% lower during campus enrolment but 43% lower during distance enrolment. These findings are discussed in relation to educational heterogeneity and fertility postponement and the impact of technological innovation on family dynamics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 35, no 4, p. 795-823
Keywords [en]
Technology, Fertility, Sweden, Education, Student fertility, Fertility postponement
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-164757DOI: 10.1007/s10680-018-9503-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-164757DiVA, id: diva2:1280150
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1741Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-18 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Essays on Family Dynamics: Partnering, Fertility and Divorce in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on Family Dynamics: Partnering, Fertility and Divorce in Sweden
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Diversity in household and family structures poses interesting questions for scientific inquiry. What accounts for patterns of reproduction, partnering, household formation and household dissolution? This dissertation investigates facets of this question in the context of modern Sweden from a longitudinal and individual level perspective. It consists of three empirical studies using data from administrative registers and panel survey data. The first study begins with noting a rapid expansion in online education and analyzes whether this development leads to higher fertility in student populations. The second study asks whether individuals’ predispositions towards divorce change after exposure to the experience of parenthood, union formation and union dissolution. The third study builds on the literature on assortative mating and investigates what drives underlying preferences for this behavior. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2019
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 102
Keywords
Fertility, Divorce attitudes, Sweden, Educational Homogamy, Life Course, Family Dynamics
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-164767 (URN)978-91-7797-522-9 (ISBN)978-91-7797-523-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-03-08, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens Hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2019-02-13 Created: 2019-01-18 Last updated: 2019-02-06Bibliographically approved

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