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Designing Three‐dimensional (3D) Non‐Fullerene Small Molecule Acceptors with Efficient Photovoltaic Parameters
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2018 (English)In: ChemistrySelect, ISSN 2365-6549, Vol. 3, no 45, p. 12797-12804Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three dimensional (3D) acceptor‐donor‐acceptor (A−D‐A) type small molecules (M1, M2, M3 and M4) are theoretically investigated for optoelectronic properties. The designed molecules contain spirobifluorene as core unit linked with end capped acceptors through four four thieno‐[3,2‐b]Thiophene (TT) units. The end capped acceptors are (3‐methyl‐2‐thioxothiazolidin‐4‐one) (M1), 2‐(2‐ethylidene‐5,6‐difluoro‐3‐oxo‐2,3‐dihydroinden‐1‐ylidene)malononitrile (M2), 2‐(3‐ethyl‐4‐oxothiazolidin‐2‐ylidine)malononitrile (M3) and 2‐(2‐ethylidene‐5,6‐dicyano‐3‐oxo‐2,3‐dihydroinden‐1‐ylidene)malononitrile (M4). The photovoltaic parameters of the designed molecules are compared with the recently reported reference compound R. Among all designed molecules, M4 is a low energy gap material (2.28 eV), broad absorption which is attributed to excellent communication between strong electron withdrawing end capped acceptors through extended conjugation. All newly designed molecules have lower binding energy as compared to reference molecule R which results in higher exciton dissociation in excited state. The reorganization energy calculations indicate good charge transfer ability of the designed molecules. M4 shows the lowest λe (0.0022) value with respect to the reference molecule R (0.034) which signifies its enhanced electronic transport behavior. The calculated open circuit voltages (Voc) ranges from 1.97 to 2.36 eV, 2.11 to 2.49 eV and 1.9 eV to 2.28 eV with respect to three different well known donor materials PTB7‐Th, PBDB−T and P3HT, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-VCH VERLAG GMBH , 2018. Vol. 3, no 45, p. 12797-12804
Keywords [en]
Acceptor Donor Acceptor, Non-fullerene acceptor, Open circuit voltages, Optical properties, Spirobifluorene, Thieno-[3, 2-b]Thiophene
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154874DOI: 10.1002/slct.201802732ISI: 000452260800011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154874DiVA, id: diva2:1275139
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved

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