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Kunskapsbaserat tobaksförebyggande arbete i skolan: A Non Smoking Generations (NSG) flerkomponentsprogram
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-00033036-8546
2018 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 421-433Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Den idéburna organisationen A Non Smoking Generation utvecklade under 2010–2017 ett kunskaps- och teoribaserat tobaksförebyggande flerkomponentsprogram för grund- och gymnasieskola tillsammans med en tvärvetenskaplig rådgivande forskargrupp. Här beskrivs programutvecklingsarbetet och genomförandet i fyra svenska kommuner, graden av engagemang och stöd för genomförandet samt elevernas syn på policy och lagar rörande tobak. Programmets teoretiska ramverk utgick från teorier och kunskap om förändringsberedskap, risk- och skyddsfaktorer, implementering, samt den processmodell som utvecklades och tillämpades i projektet. Alla skolor i kommunerna gick under projekttiden från att ha en lägre förändringsberedskap att arbeta tobaksförebyggande till en högre. I slutet av projektet var de tobaksspecifika skyddsfaktorerna inkluderade i tobakspolicys som tillämpades och andelen elever som kände till tobakspolicyn hade ökat. Resultaten visade också att kommunernas skolor hade kunnat tillämpa och kommit långt i arbetet med processmodellen. Av intervjuerna framkom att de var mycket nöjda med modellen och ansåg att den var lätt att arbeta utifrån och hålla fast vid i framtida arbete.

Abstract [en]

During 2010-2017 the Non governmental organization, A Non Smoking Generation, together with a cross disciplinary advisory research group, developed a knowledge and theory based multi component tobacco prevention program for primary and secondary schools. This article describes the program development and the implementation in four Swedish municipalities, the degree of commitment and support for implementation and the student´s views on policies and laws regarding tobacco. The theoretical framework of the program was based on theories and knowledge of readiness for change, riskand protective factors, implementation, and the process model developed and applied in the project. During the project all schools in the four municipalities moved from a low level of readiness to a higher to work tobacco preventive. At the end of the project the tobacco specific protective factors were included in the schools tobacco policy, they were applied and the proportion of student´s who knew about the policy had increased. The results showed that the municipalities’ schools had applied the process model and had come a long way working with it. The interviews also revealed that they were very pleased with the model and considered it easy to use and sustain in the future work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Socialmedicinsk tidskrift , 2018. Vol. 95, no 4, p. 421-433
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154384OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154384DiVA, id: diva2:1271393
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved

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