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Central Venous Line and Dialysis Catheter Position Affects Drug Clearance during Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in an Animal Model.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3161-0402
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Hedenstierna laboratory.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1976-4129
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2019 (English)In: ASAIO journal (1992), ISSN 1058-2916, E-ISSN 1538-943X, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 408-413Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In intensive care, drugs are commonly administered through central venous catheters (CVC). These catheters and central venous dialysis catheters (CVDC) are often placed in the same vessel for practical reasons. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate if the position of CVC and CVDC influences the elimination of infused drugs, during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). In a randomized, cross-over model, anesthetized piglets received both a CVC and a CVDC in a jugular vein. Another CVDC was placed in a femoral vein for comparison. After baseline measurements, CRRT was performed in either of the CVDC, each CRRT-period separated by another baseline period. Hypotension was induced by peripherally given sodium nitroprusside. In the CVC, both gentamicin and noradrenaline were administered. Noradrenaline was titrated to reach a target blood pressure. When CRRT was performed using the CVDC in the same vessel as the drugs were infused, the plasma concentration of gentamicin was reduced compared with when the infusion and CVDC were in different vessels (5.66 [standard deviation (SD) ± 1.23] vs. 7.76 [SD ± 2.30] mg/L [p = 0.02]). The noradrenaline infusion rate needed to reach the target blood pressure was more than doubled (0.32 [SD ± 0.16] vs. 0.15 [SD ± 0.08] µg/kg/min [p = 0.006]). This experimental study indicates that the removal of drugs is increased if infusion is in close vicinity of the CVDC, during CRRT.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 65, no 4, p. 408-413
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Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353342DOI: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000839ISI: 000466791000022PubMedID: 29863633OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353342DiVA, id: diva2:1257105
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 523-2014-2569Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved

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Frithiof, RobertBandert, AnnaLarsson, AndersLipcsey, MiklósSmekal, David
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Anaesthesiology and Intensive CareCentre for Research and Development, GävleborgClinical ChemistryHedenstierna laboratory
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ASAIO journal (1992)
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care

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