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Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI) and Self-Estimated Sun Sensitivity
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Primary Care Center, Primary Health Care Center Kärna, Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Primary Care Center, Primary Health Care Center Kärna, Linköping.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Primary Prevention, ISSN 0278-095X, E-ISSN 1573-6547, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 437-451Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The incidence of skin cancer is increasing worldwide, mostly because of increasing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. The Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI) questionnaire, developed in Linkoping and validated in Sweden and Australia, is used to map sun habits, sun protection behaviour, and readiness to increase sun protection. We sought to examine differences in sun habits or sun protection behaviour and propensity to increase sun protection, based on SEPI as related to self-estimated skin UV sensitivity according to the Fitzpatrick classification. The study population comprised students at Linkoping University, who were asked to complete the SEPI questionnaire. We examined differences in sun habits and sun protection behaviour according to skin type and gender. Individuals with lower UV sensitivity had significantly riskier sun habits and sun protection behaviour and were significantly less likely to increase sun protection. Women spent significantly more time tanning than men, more time in the midday sun, used sunscreen more frequently, and were more likely to seek the shade for sun protection. Individuals with higher UV sensitivity were significantly more likely to increase sun protection; individuals with low UV sensitivity tended to have a riskier attitude to sunbathing. In conclusion, self-estimated skin type and gender are important factors influencing sun exposure habits and sun protection behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2018. Vol. 39, no 5, p. 437-451
Keywords [en]
Skin cancer; Sun habits; Sun protection; Ultraviolet exposure; Questionnaire
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-151772DOI: 10.1007/s10935-018-0520-0ISI: 000444845700002PubMedID: 30117029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-151772DiVA, id: diva2:1254103
Note

Funding Agencies|County Council of Ostergotland, Sweden

Available from: 2018-10-08 Created: 2018-10-08 Last updated: 2019-05-01

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Widemar, KarinFalk, Magnus
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Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesPrimary Health Care Center Kärna, Linköping
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