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Social Entrepreneurship, Sport and Democracy Development
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. (Socialt entreprenörskap inom idrotten (SEIdrott))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6198-2843
Malmö university. (Socialt entreprenörskap inom idrotten (SEIdrott))
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. (Socialt entreprenörskap inom idrotten (SEIdrott))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3970-9792
2018 (English)In: Sport and Social Entrepreneurship in Sweden / [ed] Tomas Peterson & Katarina Schenker, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 75-97Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. p. 75-97
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75914DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-72496-6_6Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85046605669ISBN: 3-319-72495-9 (print)ISBN: 978-3-319-72496-6 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-75914DiVA, id: diva2:1218516
Funder
The Kamprad Family FoundationAvailable from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2020-03-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Idrott som medel – inte som mål: Förutsättningar för socialt entreprenörskap inom idrotten
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Idrott som medel – inte som mål: Förutsättningar för socialt entreprenörskap inom idrotten
2020 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Sport as a means - not as a goal : Preconditions for social entrepreneurship in sport
Abstract [en]

In sport management research, little attention has been paid to the relatively new concept of social entrepreneurship. In short, the concept refers to innovative methods of creating and satisfying social values through sport. However, research has shown that social entrepreneurs in sporting contexts are having difficulties in creating sustainable businesses. In addition to that the economic preconditions for social entreprenurial undertakings are uncertain, more research is needed on the general preconditions for conducting social entrepreneurship in sport. Hence, the aim of this compilation thesis, which consists of five papers, is to examine and analyse the preconditions for conducting social entrepreneurship in sport. The thesis is divided into two parts. In the first part, the subject of research (i.e., social entreprenurship in sport) is presented and defined. This is done by contextualising social entrepreneurship, analysing previous research on social entrepreneurship in sport, theoretically defining the concept and describing some research ethical issues that might arise in studies of social entrepreneurship. The second part of the thesis consists of three empirical studies of organisational, economic and political preconditions for conducting social entrepreneurship in sport. The findings from this thesis are based on an extensive literature review and five case studies in which multiple methods of data collection were used (interviews, documents and observations). The first paper, Sport and social entrepreneurship: a review of a concept in progress, shows that research on social entrepreneurship in sport is limited, the concept is seldom defined and sometimes used in ways more similar to philanthropy or corporate social responsibility. Also, sport only plays a minor role in the reviewed literature. The second paper, Ethical considerations in researching sport and social entrepreneurship, discusses some of the ethical dilemmas that have occurred when researching social entrepreneurship in sport. These dilemmas can, for example, be related to the principle of confidentiality. The third paper, Social entrepreneurship, sport and democracy development, offers an explanation of how to understand the “social” dimension in the concept of social entrepreneurship in sport. The social is ultimately about democracy in the sense that the participants are recognised, are given influence and are included in the organisation and in its community. The fourth paper, Networking as a cornerstone within the practice of social entrepreneurship in sport, focuses on how social entrepreneurial sport organisations can achieve economic sustainability by using their networks. The analysis shows, for instance, that the network of a social entrepreneurial sport organisation encompasses many actors from all sectors of society, and that the networks themselves assume many forms. The fifth and final paper, Swedish sport policy in an era of neoliberalism: An expression of social entrepreneurship?, provides an analysis of political preconditions for conducting social entrepreneurship in sport in Sweden. The paper, for example, argues that some political initiatives in the Swedish sport policy can be regarded as social innovations, since these aim to both solve certain identified social problems in society in general (e.g., social inclusion), or in sport in particular (e.g., making sport activities more accessible by lowering costs). In sum, this thesis contributes with: (a) empirical examples of social entrepreneurial sport organisations; (b) a theoretical understanding of the “social” dimension of social entrepreneurship in sport; (c) an ethical discussion on the role of researchers; and (d) a starting point when discussing the Swedish government support for sport.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö universitet, 2020. p. 254
Series
Malmö Studies in Sport Sciences, ISSN 1652–3180 ; 34
Keywords
Development through sport, Network theory, Research ethics, Social innovation in sport, Sport and social responsibility, Sport for development, Swedish sport policy, Welfare triangle
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93100 (URN)978-91-86295-91-2 (ISBN)978-91-86295-90-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-02-07, D 138, Nordenskiöldsgatan 10, Malmö, 13:15
Available from: 2020-04-17 Created: 2020-03-24 Last updated: 2020-04-17Bibliographically approved

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