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Measurement of long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations with the subevent cumulant method in pp and p plus Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider
Université Mohamed Premier, Faculté des Sciences, Oujda; LPTPM, Oujda.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1253-8583
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics. Georg-August-Universität, II Physikalisches Institut, Göttingen.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
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Number of Authors: 28962018 (English)In: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics, ISSN 0556-2813, E-ISSN 1089-490X, Vol. 97, no 2, article id 024904Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A detailed study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations is presented using pp data at root s = 5.02 and 13 TeV, and p+Pb data at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The azimuthal correlations are probed using four-particle cumulants c(n){4} and flow coefficients v(n){4} = (-c(n){4})(1/4) for n = 2 and 3, with the goal of extracting long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlation signals and suppressing the short-range correlations. The values of c(n){4} are obtained as a function of the average number of charged particles per event, < N-ch >, using the recently proposed two-subevent and three-subevent cumulant methods, and compared with results obtained with the standard cumulant method. The standard method is found to be strongly biased by short-range correlations, which originate mostly from jetswith a positive contribution to c(n){4}. The threesubevent method, on the other hand, is found to be least sensitive to short-range correlations. The three-subevent method gives a negative c(2){4}, and therefore a well-defined v(2){4}, nearly independent of < N-ch >, which implies that the long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations persist to events with low multiplicity. Furthermore, v(2){4} is found to be smaller than the v(2){2} measured using the two-particle correlation method, as expected for long-range collective behavior. Finally, the measured values of v(2){4} and v(2){2} are used to estimate the number of sources relevant for the initial eccentricity in the collision geometry. The results based on the subevent cumulant technique provide direct evidence, in small collision systems, for a long-range collectivity involving many particles distributed across a broad rapidity interval.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 97, no 2, article id 024904
National Category
Subatomic Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348368DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024904ISI: 000424747000006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-348368DiVA, id: diva2:1197312
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilEU, European Research CouncilEU, FP7, Seventh Framework ProgrammeEU, Horizon 2020German Research Foundation (DFG)European Science Foundation (ESF)Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note

ATLAS Collaboration, for complete list of authors see https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024904

Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved

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