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Effects of Adults' Contingent Responding on Infants' Behavior in Ambiguous Situations
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (English)In: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 49, p. 50-61Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examined the effect of adults’ contingency in responding to infants’ behavior in an ambiguous situation in two experiments. In Experiment 1, forty-four 12-month-old infants were exposed to an ambiguous toy. An unfamiliar adult responded either contingently or non-contingently to the infant’s bids and then presented the toy and provided positive information. During toy presentation, infants in the non-contingent condition looked less at the experimenter than infants in the contingent condition. In a concluding free-play situation infants in the non-contingent condition played less and tended to touch the toy less. In Experiment 2 (forty-four 12-month-old infants), the parent either responded promptly or with a delay each time the infant made contact initiatives and then presented an ambiguous toy and delivered the positive information. The infants in the non-contingent condition tended to look less at the parent during toy presentation and also tended to play less with the toy during the concluding free-play situation. The findings show that adults’ contingency in responding influences infants’ behavior in ambiguous situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 49, p. 50-61
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328060DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2017.07.001ISI: 000419420900007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-328060DiVA, id: diva2:1133686
Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2018-01-29Bibliographically approved

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