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Analytically Sensitive Protein Detection in Microtiter Plates by Proximity Ligation with Rolling Circle Amplification
Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools.
Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools.
Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools.
Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools.
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2017 (English)In: Clinical Chemistry, ISSN 0009-9147, E-ISSN 1530-8561, Vol. 63, no 9, p. 1497-1505Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Detecting proteins at low concentrations in plasma is crucial for early diagnosis. Current techniques in clinical routine, such as sandwich ELISA, provide sensitive protein detection because of a dependence on target recognition by pairs of antibodies, but detection of still lower protein concentrations is often called for. Proximity ligation assay with rolling circle amplification (PLARCA) is a modified proximity ligation assay (PLA) for analytically specific and sensitive protein detection via binding of target proteins by 3 antibodies, and signal amplification via rolling circle amplification (RCA) in microtiter wells, easily adapted to instrumentation in use in hospitals.

METHODS: Proteins captured by immobilized antibodies were detected using a pair of oligonucleotide-conjugated antibodies. Upon target recognition, these PLA probes guided oligonucleotide ligation, followed by amplification via RCA of circular DNA strands that formed in the reaction. The RCA products were detected by horseradish peroxidase-labeled oligonucleotides to generate colorimetric reaction products with readout in an absorbance microplate reader.

RESULTS: We compared detection of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-8, p53, and growth differentiation factor-15 by PLARCA and conventional sandwich ELISA or immuno RCA. PLARCA detected lower concentrations of proteins and exhibited a broader dynamic range compared ELISA and iRCA using the same antibodies. IL-4 and IL-6 were detected in clinical samples at femtomolar concentrations, considerably lower than for ELISA.

CONCLUSIONS: PLARCA offers detection of lower protein levels and increased dynamic ranges compared to ELISA. The PLARCA procedure may be adapted to routine instrumentation available in hospitals and research laboratories.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 63, no 9, p. 1497-1505
National Category
Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-326672DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2017.271833ISI: 000408421200013PubMedID: 28667186OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-326672DiVA, id: diva2:1128058
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 294409 264737 313010Available from: 2017-07-21 Created: 2017-07-21 Last updated: 2018-09-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Development and Application of Proximity Assays for Proteome Analysis in Medicine
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development and Application of Proximity Assays for Proteome Analysis in Medicine
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Along with proteins, a myriad of different molecular biomarkers, such as post-translational modifications and autoantibodies, could be used in an attempt to improve disease detection and progression. In this thesis, I build on several iterations of the proximity ligation assay to develop and apply new adaptable methods to facilitate detection of proteins, autoantibodies and post-translational modifications.

In paper I, we present an adaptation of the solid-phase proximity ligation assay (SP-PLA) for the detection of post-translational modification of proteins (PTMs). The assay was adapted for the detection of two of the most commons PTMs present in proteins, glycosylation and phosphorylation, offering the encouraging prospect of using detection of PTMs in a diagnostic or prognostic capacity. 

In paper II, we developed a variant of the proximity ligation assay using micro titer plate for detection and quantification of protein using optical density as readout in the fluorometer, termed PLARCA. With a detection limit considerably lower than ELISA, PLARCA detected femtomolar levels of these proteins in patient samples.

In paper III, we aim to compare detection values of samples collected from earlobe capillary, venous plasma, as well as capillary plasma stored in dried plasma spots (DPS) assessed with a 92-plex inflammation panel using multiplex proximity extension assay (PEA). Despite the high variability in protein measurements between the three sample sources, we were able to conclude that earlobe capillary sampling is a suitable less invasive alternative, to venipuncture.

In paper IV, we describe the application of PLARCA and proximity extension assay (PEA) for the detection of GAD65 autoantibodies (GADA). Thus, offering highly sensitive and specific autoimmunity detection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 60
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1400
Keywords
Solid-phase proximity ligation assay, post-translational modifications, glycosylation, phosphorylation, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunoassay and rolling circle amplification, Proximity Extension Assay; inflammation protein biomarkers, autoantibodies; autoimmune disease
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334536 (URN)978-91-513-0164-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-01-18, B:41, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-03-08

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