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Functional implications of microbial and viral gut metagenome changes in early stage L-DOPA-naive Parkinson's disease patients
Univ Bonn, Dept Neurol, Bonn, Germany.;German Ctr Neurodegenerat Dis Res DZNE, Bonn, Germany..
EMBL, Heidelberg, Germany..
EMBL, Heidelberg, Germany..
EMBL, Heidelberg, Germany.;Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Microbiol, Vladimir Prelog 1-5-10, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland..
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2017 (English)In: Genome Medicine, ISSN 1756-994X, E-ISSN 1756-994X, Vol. 9, article id 39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) presently is conceptualized as a protein aggregation disease in which pathology involves both the enteric and the central nervous system, possibly spreading from one to another via the vagus nerves. As gastrointestinal dysfunction often precedes or parallels motor symptoms, the enteric system with its vast diversity of microorganisms may be involved in PD pathogenesis. Alterations in the enteric microbial taxonomic level of L-DOPA-naive PD patients might also serve as a biomarker.

Methods: We performed metagenomic shotgun analyses and compared the fecal microbiomes of 31 early stage, L-DOPA-naive PD patients to 28 age-matched controls.

Results: We found increased Verrucomicrobiaceae (Akkermansia muciniphila) and unclassified Firmicutes, whereas Prevotellaceae (Prevotella copri) and Erysipelotrichaceae (Eubacterium biforme) were markedly lowered in PD samples. The observed differences could reliably separate PD from control with a ROC-AUC of 0.84. Functional analyses of the metagenomes revealed differences in microbiota metabolism in PD involving the beta-glucuronate and tryptophan metabolism. While the abundances of prophages and plasmids did not differ between PD and controls, total virus abundance was decreased in PD participants. Based on our analyses, the intake of either a MAO inhibitor, amantadine, or a dopamine agonist (which in summary relates to 90% of PD patients) had no overall influence on taxa abundance or microbial functions.

Conclusions: Our data revealed differences of colonic microbiota and of microbiota metabolism between PD patients and controls at an unprecedented detail not achievable through 16S sequencing. The findings point to a yet unappreciated aspect of PD, possibly involving the intestinal barrier function and immune function in PD patients. The influence of the parkinsonian medication should be further investigated in the future in larger cohorts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 9, article id 39
Keywords [en]
Microbiome, Bacteria, Archaea, Viruses, Parkinson, Enteric nervous system, Gut-brain axis
National Category
Medical Genetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-322718DOI: 10.1186/s13073-017-0428-yISI: 000400325800001PubMedID: 28449715OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-322718DiVA, id: diva2:1099146
Funder
Helge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse
Note

De första två författarna delar förstaförfattarskapet.

Correction in: Genome Medicine, Volume: 9, Article Number: 61. DOI: 10.1186/s13073-017-0451-z

Available from: 2017-05-29 Created: 2017-05-29 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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