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Conflicts in the City and the possibilities of the Restorative Justice: The case of Mexico
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6995-1275
2017 (spansk)Inngår i: City and Security. The communities and citizen´s rights in the coproduction of security / [ed] Junna Assiago et al., Mexico: Universidad Alberto Hurtado de Chile , 2017, s. 131-154Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The tough-on-crime policies that have been implemented by several urban governments as a strategy to reduce crime, insecurity and violence, which range from higher punishments to lowering the age of criminal responsibility, have given contra-productive results so far (Davis, 2013; Muggah, 2012). In addition, catastrophic mid-term and long-term consequences have been documented to generate a greater spiral of organised and unorganised violence, as well as a severe deterioration of the social fabric in the cities where these measures are implemented (Dudley, 2013; PNUD, 2013; Wolf, 2011).

Different social sectors are expressing an increasing concern and demanding for governmental authorities to act in an even more drastic and efficient way when confronting urban crime and violence (INEGI, 2015; Latinobarómetro, 2015; PNUD, 2013).[1] This brings us to two essential questions: How could the ascending circles of urban violence and insecurity be deactivated? And, how could alternative and efficient responses to the underlying causes of violence and insecurity be generated to reduce them, while contributing to the reconstruction of the social fabric?

[1]  Latinobarometro of 2015 identifies delinquency as the most significant problem for the Mexican interviewees, with a 23%; well above the unemployment (16%) and the economy (8%). Also, more than 70% of the interviewees consider living in Mexico is less safe every day.

Abstract [es]

Las políticas de mano dura implementadas en distintos centros urbanos como estrategia gubernamental para reducir el crimen, la inseguridad y la violencia han fracasado e incluso han generado resultados contraproducentes en el mediano y largo plazo para sus sociedades. Sin embargo, existe una fuerte presión  por parte de distintos sectores para que las autoridades actúen de manera más drástica y efectiva, lo que ha llevado a imponer políticas públicas autoritarias y represivas para intentar controlar los efectos de la violencia sin resolver las causas estructurales que la generan. El presente capitulo propone a la Justicia Restaurativa como un cambio de paradigma que incluye una estrategia alternativa, la cual podría contribuir a impulsar opciones más efectivas y constructivas a largo plazo para detener el escalamiento de la violencia, ocasionado por la actual crisis del sistema de justicia penal tradicional, e iniciar un proceso de resiliencia urbana.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Mexico: Universidad Alberto Hurtado de Chile , 2017. s. 131-154
Emneord [en]
Justice, Restorative Justice, Community mediation, Mexico, Security, Urban Cities, Resilence
Emneord [es]
Justicia, Justicia Restaurativa, Mediación comunitaria, Mexico, Seguridad, Resilencia
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141893OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141893DiVA, id: diva2:1089689
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-04-20 Laget: 2017-04-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-04-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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