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Debris detumbler: An alternative approach to active debris removal
University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies, 4925 Dufferin Street, Toronto.
LuleƄ University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since the launch of the first artificial satellite, i.e., Sputnik in 1957, several thousand man-made objects have been launched into the Earth orbits, great majority of which remained in their orbit despite the termination of their mission. A number of viable solutions have been suggested in the research community for actively removing the orbital debris, some of which require the capturing of the debris, while others are contactless methods. A challenging aspect of capturing an orbital debris using any method is due to the tumbling motion of the debris. A majority of the suggested methods require zero or very low rates of debris attitude to perform successfully, or need to follow a synchronization phase with the debris before the capturing and removal operation. This is technically costly and challenging, if not infeasible. This paper proposes an alternative approach to orbital debris removal, which can make various state-of-the-art methods of active debris removal perform at lower costs and risks. The approach utilizes one or more detumbler platforms, in the form of miniaturized cubesats, which are de-signed to be lunched from the remover spacecraft, attach to the target debris, and reduce its attitude rate to zero using the onboard attitude determination sensors and control actuators. The paper outlines the operation of debris detumblers. The conceptual design of such platforms is also presented, based on the one- to three-unit cubesat bus and commercial off-the-shelf technologies. Orbital insertion, rendezvous and attachment maneuvers are also discussed. Finally, through simulations the performance of the proposed approach is compared with that of some well-studied methods in various scenarios using several catalogued debris, based on performance metrics such as delta-v, operation time, trajectory simplicity, total thrust, etc

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Onboard space systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62995Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85016476404OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62995DiVA: diva2:1088081
Conference
67th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2016, Guadalajara, Mexico, 26-30 September 2016
Available from: 2017-04-11 Created: 2017-04-11 Last updated: 2017-04-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf