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Kinetics and reactive stripping modelling of hydrogen isotopic exchange of deuterated waters
Univ Lancaster, Dept Engn, Lancaster LA1 4YW, England..
Univ Lancaster, Dept Engn, Lancaster LA1 4YW, England..
Queens Univ Belfast, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
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2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Chemical Engineering and Processing, ISSN 0255-2701, E-ISSN 1873-3204, Vol. 108, s. 58-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This work presents results of experimental kinetics and modelling of the isotopic exchange between hydrogen and water in a reactive stripping column for water dedeuteriation. The missing physical properties of deuterium and tritium isotopologues in hydrogen gas and water forms were predicted and validated using existing literature data. The kinetic model relevant to a styrene-divinyl-benzene copolymer-supported platinum catalyst was used for modelling, by Aspen plus modular package, impact of design parameters including temperature, total pressure, gas to liquid flowrate ratio, pressure drop and flow mixing, on the separation of deuterium and further the separation of tritium. The modelling by the rate-based non-equilibrium, including design correlations of model of mass and heat transfers, chemical kinetic constants, mass transfer coefficients and overall exchange rate constants, allowed access to separation trends in a good agreement with published data. The synergy between the rates of chemical isotopic exchange and gas/liquid mass transfer, and by inference the performance of reactive stripping, was particularly sensitive to high temperatures, low hydrogen flow rates, pressure drops and internals properties. Extension to tritium confirmed a slightly slower mass transport compared with deuterium leading to potentially under-estimated design features for detritiation processing when deuterium is used instead.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. Vol. 108, s. 58-73
Emneord [en]
Isotopic exchange, Reactive stripping, Detritiation, Dedeuteriation, Rate-based modelling, Reactive separation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-307718DOI: 10.1016/j.cep.2016.07.008ISI: 000384779700007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-307718DiVA, id: diva2:1048487
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-11-21 Laget: 2016-11-21 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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