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The effect of vegetation on mine tailings
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7291-8505
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Program with Abstracts : Joint Annual Meeting, Geological Association of Canada; Mineralogical Association of Canada , 2003, Vol. 28Konferensbidrag, Meeting abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

One of the major aims with passive remediation of sulfide-bearing mine tailings is to minimize or exclude oxygen diffusion through the tailings and decrease the oxidation of sulfides. A vegetation cover could potentially decrease the oxygen flux by oxygen consumption during decay of organic matter. The abandoned Cu mine at Laver in northern Sweden has not been remediated except for establishment of vegetation, and this offers the opportunity to investigate the effect of a vegetation cover on tailings.Whole-year sampling of surface drainage water from the tailings impoundment was performed during 1993 and 2001. The release of metals was only 5-10 % of the estimated weathering rate in the tailings during 1993 because of secondary retainment within the tailings. Results from 2001 show decreasing concentrations of several elements and increasing pH, indicating decreasing oxidation rate.Pore-gas measurement in two vertical profiles shows that vegetation on the tailings has no effect as a barrier for oxygen diffusion in comparison with barren parts.Cemented layers, which have formed at various depths in the tailings, have decreased the flux of oxygen to deeper parts; this could be an explanation of the decreased oxidation rate. The different cemented layers in the tailings differ in chemical composition and physical characteristics. There are two major types, both of which both contain iron oxides and carbon. The origin of the carbon is possibly the vegetation cover. None of the cemented layers acts as a trap for heavy metals, but As is enriched.The effect of vegetation as a oxygen barrier is negligible, but vegetation could act as a source for organic matter that could increase aggregation of iron oxides and clay minerals, thereby enhancing the formation of cemented layers or increasing metal-organic complexes which decrease the mobility of metals.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Geological Association of Canada; Mineralogical Association of Canada , 2003. Vol. 28
Nationell ämneskategori
Geokemi
Forskningsämne
Tillämpad geologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37488Lokalt ID: b89d67f0-a8b6-11dc-9057-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-37488DiVA, id: diva2:1010986
Konferens
Geological Association of Canada, Mineralogical Association of Canada; Joint annual meeting : 26/05/2003 - 28/05/2003
Anmärkning
Godkänd; 2003; 20071212 (ysko)Tillgänglig från: 2016-10-03 Skapad: 2016-10-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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Alakangas, LenaÖhlander, Björn
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Totalt: 346 träffar
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