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Cognitive Recovery and Development after Traumatic Brain Injury in Childhood: A Person-Oriented, Longitudinal Study
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
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2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Neurotrauma, ISSN 0897-7151, E-ISSN 1557-9042, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 76-83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Influence of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) on cognitive recovery and subsequent development is poorly understood. In this longitudinal study we used cluster analysis to explore acute stage individual profiles of injury age and cognition in 118 children with traumatic brain injury. Repeated measures of cognitive function were conducted at 30 months, indicating recovery, and 10 years post-injury, indicating development. Nine clusters were identified. Recovery was evident in three clusters, two of them with low functioning profiles. Developmental gains occurred for three clusters and an acute profile of higher freedom from distractibility (FFD) and lower processing speed (PS) was related to positive differences. One cluster, average low functioning and especially low verbal comprehension, demonstrated a slower development than peers. This suggests that developmental change after TBI in childhood takes place on a continuum, with both chance of long-term catching up, and risk of poor development. An acute profile of higher FFD and lower PS seemed to reflect injury consequences and were followed by developmental gains. These results challenge previous findings, and warrant further investigation.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2013. Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 76-83
Nyckelord [en]
childhood, cognition, cluster analysis, follow-up studies
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-86433DOI: 10.1089/neu.2012.2592ISI: 000313444000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-86433DiVA, id: diva2:586959
Tillgänglig från: 2013-01-13 Skapad: 2013-01-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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Smedler, Ann-Charlotte
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Journal of Neurotrauma
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