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Progression in action for developing chemical knowledge
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0712-0681
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we discuss the well-known teaching challenge of how to provide undergraduate students with basic chemistry knowledge without making them experience these basics as meaningless and unintelligible. First, we situate the challenge in a classic dilemma: should we teach the necessary basic facts before the chemical explanations or should the explanations be taught before or in parallel to these facts? Here we draw on examples from interviews with graduate students reflecting on their experiences regarding their studies at the undergraduate level. Second, we suggest a way out of the dilemma, through a shift in perspective from the typical progression of facts and explanations towards a purpose and activity-based progression. We conclude with a discussion of implications of such a shift for university chemistry education together with suggestions for future research.

Nyckelord [en]
basics, explanations, progression, purposes, undergraduate chemistry
Nationell ämneskategori
Utbildningsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-163334DiVA, id: diva2:1273640
Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-21 Skapad: 2018-12-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Supporting Learning and Teaching of Chemistry in the Undergraduate Classroom
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Supporting Learning and Teaching of Chemistry in the Undergraduate Classroom
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

There is agreement in research about the need to find better ways of teaching chemistry to enhance students’ understanding. This thesis aims to contribute to the understanding of how we better support teaching and learning of undergraduate chemistry to make it meaningful and intelligible for students from the outset. The thesis is concerned with examining the interactions between student, specific content and teacher in the undergraduate chemistry classroom; that is, the processes making up the three relations of the didactic triangle. The data consists of observations of students and tutors during problem-solving activities in an introductory chemistry course and interviews with graduate students.

Systematic analyses of the different interactions between the student, the chemistry content, and the tutor are made using the analytical tool of practical epistemology analysis. The main findings of the thesis include detailed insights into how undergraduate chemistry students deal with newly encountered content together with didactic models and concrete suggestions for improved teaching and for supporting continuity and progression in the undergraduate chemistry classroom. Specifically, I show how students deal with the chemistry content through a complex interaction of knowledge, experiences, and purposes on different levels invoked by both students and tutors as they interact with each other. Whether these interactions have a positive or negative effect on students’ learning depends on the nature of knowledge, experiences and purposes that were invoked. Moreover, the tutor sometimes invoked other purposes than the ones related to the task at hand for connecting the activity to the subject matter in general. These purposes were not always made continuous with the activity which resulting in confusion among students. The results from these analyses were used for producing hypotheses and models that could support continuity and progression during the activity. The suggested models aim to make the content more manageable and meaningful to students, enabling connections to other experiences and purposes, and helping teachers and tutors to analyze and reflect on their teaching. Moreover, a purpose- and activity-based progression is suggested that gives attention to purposes in chemistry education other than providing explanations of chemical phenomena. The aim of this ‘progression in action’ is to engage students in activities were they can see the meaning of chemical concepts and ideas through their use to accomplish different chemical tasks. A general conclusion is that detailed knowledge about the processes of teaching and learning is important for providing adequate support to both undergraduate students and university teachers in the chemistry classroom.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Mathematics and Science Education, Stockholm University, 2019. s. 70
Serie
Doctoral thesis from the department of mathematics and science education ; 20
Nyckelord
undergraduate chemistry education, learning and teaching processes, didactic triangle, chemical bonding, tutor-student interaction, practical epistemology analysis, continuity, progression, purposes
Nationell ämneskategori
Didaktik
Forskningsämne
naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163805 (URN)978-91-7797-538-0 (ISBN)978-91-7797-539-7 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-02-22, Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-salen), NPQ-huset, Svante Arrhenius väg 20, Stockholm, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Accepted. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-30 Skapad: 2019-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
A. Manneh, IlanaHamza, Karim M.Rundgren, Carl-JohanEriksson, Lars
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Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktikInstitutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK)
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