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Effects of fine woody debris on juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) and drifting invertebrates
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för miljö- och livsvetenskaper (from 2013). (Naturresurs Rinnande Vatten)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7160-1290
2014 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In boreal forest streams, woody debris is an important habitat component. Stream invertebrates and salmonids such as brown trout benefit from in-stream wood. The studies presented in this thesis explore how drifting stream invertebrates respond to addition of fine woody debris, and how young-of-the-year (0+) brown trout behave in habitats with and without fine woody debris. The first paper reports results from a field experiment where fine woody debris was added to streams, and invertebrate drift was measured in order to detect impacts of the fine woody debris on drift density, biomass and taxon diversity. In the end of the season, the fine woody debris-affected drift samples showed higher density, biomass and taxon diversity than the control samples. In the second paper, I describe effects of fine woody debris on 0+ brown trout, studied in laboratory stream channels. Trout were tested in habitats without fine woody debris, with an intermediate fine woody debris density, and with a high fine woody debris density. Swimming activity and foraging time were significantly lower when fine woody debris was present than when it was absent. More time was spent sheltering at the high fine woody debris density than at the intermediate one. The increasing exploitation of fine woody debris for biofuel purposes should be considered in relation to the effects on brown trout and stream invertebrate habitat.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2014. , s. 22
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2014:15
Nyckelord [en]
brown trout, juvenile, stream, woody debris, invertebrates, fine woody debris
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper
Forskningsämne
Biologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31672ISBN: 978-91-7063-545-8 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31672DiVA, id: diva2:703938
Presentation
2014-04-29, 11D227, Universitetsg 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

Artikel 1 ingick i avhandlingen som manuskript med titeln "Effects of fine wood addition on invertebrate drift in boreal forest streams". Nu publicerad.

Tillgänglig från: 2014-04-07 Skapad: 2014-03-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-06-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Effects of fine wood on macroinvertebrate drift in four boreal forest streams
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Effects of fine wood on macroinvertebrate drift in four boreal forest streams
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Hydrobiologia, ISSN 0018-8158, E-ISSN 1573-5117, Vol. 765, nr 1, s. 317-327Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Most studies of stream wood have focused on pieces a parts per thousand yen0.1 m diameter. However, this approach may overlook an important feature of small streams, where wood < 0.1 m can constitute the majority of wood pieces. We examined the effect of fine wood (FW) on local drift of stream macroinvertebrates. The study was carried out at seven sites in four boreal forest streams, from early June to mid-August 2011. This was done by anchoring bundles of FW at each site and measuring drift upstream and downstream of each bundle. We hypothesized that FW would increase drift density, biomass and diversity of aquatic invertebrates. Ten weeks after FW addition, aquatic drift density was higher downstream than upstream of FW bundles, while drift biomass and drift diversity did not differ significantly downstream and upstream of FW.

Nyckelord
Invertebrates, Colonization, FWD, In-stream wood, Small woody debris
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper
Forskningsämne
Biologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-40971 (URN)10.1007/s10750-015-2423-x (DOI)000366641200022 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-03 Skapad: 2016-03-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Juvenile brown trout response to fine woody debris in experimental stream channels
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Juvenile brown trout response to fine woody debris in experimental stream channels
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Changes in riparian vegetation due to forest harvesting may affect the input of fine woody debris, an important structural element, to streams. Woody debris has been shown to benefit trout populations. In-stream fine woody debris (FWD) has not been studied as extensively as large woody debris, but is probably important to smaller-sized trout. In a laboratory stream experiment we tested young-of-the-year wild brown trout, Salmo trutta, responses to three densities of fine woody debris (FWD). The trout were tested as singletons and four together. Swimming activity increased with increasing fish density and decreasing FWD density. Foraging decreased and time spent in FWD increased with increasing FWD density. Aggressiveness was lowest in intermediate FWD density. Our study shows that FWD impact on trout is related to fish rank, fish density and FWD density, and that juvenile trout response to fine WD is different from the response to large WD reported by others.

Nyckelord
fine woody debris, brown trout, juvenile, streams
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Biologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31671 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-03-10 Skapad: 2014-03-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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