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Investigating structural obstacles for social sustainability in mining-induced resettlements: The case of Kalumbila in Zambia
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
2019 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Mining-induced resettlements, and local impacts from mining activities, are often associated with a variety of negative outcomes. At the same time, there is a notable growth of ethical guidelines for businesses and an increasing incorporation of international best practices within corporate operations. A resettlement of displaced villages within the Kalumbila area in Zambia was carried out by a multinational mining corporation, which reportedly invested heavily into the creation of an ethically sound resettlement procedure. Yet, a number of issues connected to this resettlement have been continuously reported after its implementation. This study has aimed to investigate two main themes relating to the  resettlement in Kalumbila. First, a comparative examination was done in order to explore differences and similarities in terms of social sustainability between two different resettlement communities in the area. Second, the current status of social sustainability was explored within the two resettlements by applying an analytical framework for strategic social sustainability. The methods consisted mainly of primary research through interviews in the studied area, but was also complemented with qualitative text analysis when suitable. The findings indicated both similarities and differences between the two resettlements in terms of social sustainability-related issues, which were identified through the application of universal social sustainability principles. Policy recommendations were also derived by conducting a backcasting procedure in the analysis of the findings. The study found that there is a presence of the mining company in almost every issue identified within this study. This presence has both positive and negative characteristics. It was concluded that future studies should keep this nuanced view in mind, as well as the complex interrelations in the studied system. As such, it was argued that policy implementors ought to investigate targeted issues with suitable analytical tools before taking any action in order to not create new problems elsewhere within the social system.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. , s. 66
Serie
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 2019/36
Emneord [en]
Sustainable Development, Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, Social Sustainability, Resettlement, Mining, Zambia
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-388339OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-388339DiVA, id: diva2:1332701
Fag / kurs
Sustainable development
Utdanningsprogram
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
Presentation
2019-05-24, Hamberg, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 13:01 (engelsk)
Veileder
Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-07-01 Laget: 2019-06-28 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-05bibliografisk kontrollert

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