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The Brisbane Cordon scheme: part A - preliminary investigation
Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: eddBE2011 Proceedings, 2011, s. 295-300Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

It could be said that road congestion is one of the most significant problems within any modern metropolitan area. For severaldecades now, around the globe, congestion in metropolitan areas has been worsening for two main reasons. Firstly, road congestion hassignificantly increased due to a higher demand for road space because of growth in populations, economic activity and incomes (Hensher &Puckett, 2007). This factor, in conjunction with a significant lack of investment in new road and public transport infrastructure, has seen theroad network capacities of cities exceeded by traffic volumes and thus, resulted in increased traffic congestion. This relentless increase inroad traffic congestion has resulted in a dramatic increase in costs for both the road users and ultimately the metropolitan areas concerned(Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics, 2007). In response to this issue, several major cities around the world, including London,Stockholm and Singapore, have implemented congestion-charging schemes in order to combat the effects of road congestion.A congestion-charging scheme provides a mechanism for regulating traffic flows into the congested areas of a city, whilst simultaneouslygenerating public revenue that can be used to improve both the public transport and road networks of the region. The aim of this paper wasto assess the concept of congestion-charging, whilst reflecting on the experiences of various cities that have already implemented suchsystems. The findings from this paper have been used to inform the design of a congestion-charging scheme for the city of Brisbane inAustralia in a supplementary study (Whitehead, Bunker, & Chung, 2011). The first section of this paper examines the background to roadcongestion; the theory behind different congestion-charging schemes; and the various technologies involved with the concept. The secondsection of this paper details the experiences, in relation to implementing a congestion-charging scheme, from the city of Stockholm inSweden. This research has been crucial in forming a list of recommendations and lessons learnt for the design of a congestion-chargingscheme in Australia. It is these recommendations that directly inform the proposed design of the Brisbane Cordon Scheme detailed inWhitehead et al. (2011).

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2011. s. 295-300
Emneord [en]
Congestion Charging, Road Pricing, Tolls, Modelling
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71644OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-71644DiVA, id: diva2:486851
Konferanse
The First International Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing, eddBE 2011. Brisbane, Australia. 27-29 Apr 2011
Forskningsfinansiär
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Merknad
TSC import 614 2012-01-30. QC 20120416Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-01-31 Laget: 2012-01-31 Sist oppdatert: 2012-06-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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