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Catalytic asymmetric chiral lithium amide-promoted epoxide rearrangement: a NMR spectroscopic and kinetic investigation
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för biokemi och organisk kemi, Organisk kemi. (Peter Dinér)
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: Tetrahedron: asymmetry, ISSN 0957-4166, E-ISSN 1362-511X, Vol. 21, nr 21-22, s. 2733-2739Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The lithium amide derived from the chiral diamine (1R,3S,4S)-3-(1-pyrrolidinyl)methyl-2-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, has been reported to catalytically deprotonate cyclohexene oxide and other epoxides, yielding chiral allylic alcohols in excellent enantiomeric excess. In this work, 6Li, 1H and 13 C NMR spectroscopy have been used to study the aggregation of the chiral lithium amide in THF and the influence on the aggregation by the addition of additives, such as 1,8-diazabicyclo-[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU). The activated complex under catalytic deprotonation of cyclohexene oxide, that is, with excess Li-DBU and free DBU, is built from one monomer of the chiral lithium amide, one molecule of epoxide and one additional molecule of DBU. The reaction order (0.97) obtained for the bulk base Li-DBU shows an inverse dependence on the concentration, suggesting a deaggregation of the initial mixed dimer to a monomer-based transition state containing a monomer of the lithium amide.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2010. Vol. 21, nr 21-22, s. 2733-2739
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-137505DOI: 10.1016/j.tetasy.2010.10.034ISI: 000285951200021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-137505DiVA, id: diva2:378406
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internal-pdf://science-7-2000962304/science-7.pdfTilgjengelig fra: 2010-12-15 Laget: 2010-12-15 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert

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