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A new high-paleolatitude late Permian permineralized peat flora from the Sydney Basin, Australia
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Enheten för paleobiologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6723-239X
Australian Synchrotron.
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Enheten för paleobiologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5416-2289
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: International journal of plant sciences, ISSN 1058-5893, E-ISSN 1537-5315, Vol. 180, s. 513-539Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Premise of research. Permineralized peats are prized for hosting three-dimensionally preserved plant remains that provide insights into fossil plant anatomy and the composition of coal-forming ecosystems. A new record of siliceous permineralized peat is documented from a Lopingian-aged (upper Permian) strata from the southern Sydney Basin. It represents the fifth Permian permineralized peat identified from eastern Australia.

Methodology. The single permineralized peat block was cut into smaller blocks, and both cellulose acetate peels and standard thin sections were prepared for study using transmitted light microscopy. Quantitative analysis of the peat was carried out using point counts perpendicular to bedding. One block examined using synchrotron X-ray computed tomography (CT) revealed the three-dimensional anatomy of abundant fossil seeds.

Pivotal results. The peat contains a plant assemblage dominated by glossopterid leaves, seeds, and axes; although degraded, probable pteridophyte remains represent a significant subsidiary component of the assemblage. A new leaf form (Glossopteris thirroulensis McLoughlin et Mays sp. nov.) and a new type of seed (Illawarraspermum ovatum McLoughlin et Mays gen. et sp. nov.) are described. Leaf-, wood/seed-, and fine detritus-rich organic microfacies with gradational boundaries are evident within the peat.

Conclusions. Regular growth rings in the small permineralized axes, together with the occurrence of autumnal mats of glossopterid leaves, signify a strongly seasonal climate. The presence of abundant charcoal in the peat indicates that fire was a significant influence on the high-paleolatitude mire ecosystem. Differentiation of organic microfacies within the peat profile indicates subtle variation in the contribution of plant components to the peat through time. The absence of mineral grains in thin section and CT, together with the presence of authigenic sulfides, indicates accumulation of organic matter in a stagnant mire away from the influence of clastic input.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019. Vol. 180, s. 513-539
Emneord [en]
Glossopteris, Lopingian, fire, peat-forming ecosystems, seasonality, taphonomy, plant anatomy
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekosystem och arthistoria; Den föränderliga jorden; Livets mångfald
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-3427DOI: 10.1086/702939OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-3427DiVA, id: diva2:1372960
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2014-5234Swedish Research Council, 2018-04527
Merknad

Additional funding from:

National Science Foundation (project no. 1636625);

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation Australian Synchrotron grant 11959)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-01 Laget: 2019-11-25bibliografisk kontrollert

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Forlagets fullteksthttps://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/702939

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