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Time trends and sociodemographic determinants of preterm births in pregnancy cohorts in Matlab, Bangladesh, 1990-2014
Int Ctr Diarrhoea Dis Res, Maternal & Child Hlth Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Int Ctr Diarrhoea Dis Res, Maternal & Child Hlth Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Int Ctr Diarrhoea Dis Res, Maternal & Child Hlth Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Int Ctr Diarrhoeal Dis Res, Hlth Syst & Populaiton Studies Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMJ GLOBAL HEALTH, ISSN 2059-7908, Vol. 4, nr 4, artikkel-id e001462Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction

Preterm birth is the major cause of under-five mortality. Population-based data on determinants and proportions of children born preterm are limited, especially from low-income countries. This study aimed at assessing time trends and social, reproductive and environmental determinants of preterm births based on a population-based pregnancy cohort over 25 years in rural Bangladesh.

Methods

In this cohort study in Matlab, a rural area in Bangladesh, we used data from the Health and Demographic Surveillance System from 1990 to 2014. Gestational age at birth was based on the reported last menstrual period and verified by ultrasound assessments. Preterm birth proportions were assessed within strata of social and reproductive characteristics, and time series analysis was performed with decomposition for trend and seasonality. We also determined the prevented fractions of preterm birth reduction associated with social and demographic changes during the follow-up period.

Results

Analyses were based on 63 063 live births. Preterm birth decreased from 29% (95% CI 28.6 to 30.1) in 1990-1994 to 11% (95% CI 10.5 to 11.6) in 2010-2014. Low education, older age and multi-parity were associated with higher proportions of preterm births across the study period. Preterm births had a marked seasonal variation. A rapid increase in women's educational level and decrease in parity were associated with the decline in preterm births, and 27% of the reduction observed from 1990 to 2014 could be attributed to these educational and reproductive changes.

Conclusion

The reduction in preterm birth was to a large extent associated with the sociodemographic transition, especially changes in maternal education and parity. The persistent seasonal variation in the proportion of preterm birth may reflect the environmental stressors for pregnant women across the study period. Continued investments in girls' education and family planning programmes may contribute to further reduction of preterm births in Bangladesh.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. Vol. 4, nr 4, artikkel-id e001462
Emneord [en]
preterm birth, time trend, education, parity, prevented fraction
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396557DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001462ISI: 000489068600016PubMedID: 31423346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396557DiVA, id: diva2:1368343
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-06 Laget: 2019-11-06 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-06bibliografisk kontrollert

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