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Gait speed with anti-slip devices on icy pedestrian crossings relate to perceived fall-risk and balance
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3619-2297
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2512-9922
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3081-7786
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6975-8344
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, nr 14, artikkel-id 2451Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

It is important to find criteria for preventive measures and appropriate assistive devices to reduce pedestrian injuries and increase walking in winter. Reducing the rate of falls on icy surfaces and improving people’s ability to safely cross a street in winter conditions by achieving an adequate walking speed, for example, need to be considered. This study explores pedestrian perceptions of fall risk, balance, and footfall transitions while using different designs for anti-slip devices on ice and snow-covered ice and relates these to measures of gait speed and friction. Trials were performed with nine pedestrians testing 19 anti-slip devices on ice and ice covered with snow. Laboratory tests of the dynamic coefficient of friction (DCOF) on plain ice were also performed. The findings suggest that there was conformity in the participants’ perceptions of good balance and low fall risk for one-fifth of the devices (three whole-foot designs and one design with built-in spikes). We also found that gait speed on icy pedestrian crossings is related to perceived fall-risk and balance control, but not to DCOF of the anti-slip devices.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Basel, Switzerland: MDPI, 2019. Vol. 16, nr 14, artikkel-id 2451
Emneord [en]
anti-slip device, classification, postural control, pedestrian crossing, safety, gait speed, winter conditions
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arkitektur; Fysioterapi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75254DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16142451ISI: 000480659300005PubMedID: 31295887Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85069835747OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75254DiVA, id: diva2:1335965
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Transport Administration, 2013/90656
Merknad

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-07-11 (johcin)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-07-08 Laget: 2019-07-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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Larsson, AgnetaBerggård, GlennRosander, PeterGard, Gunvor
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