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Sex differences in personality are larger in gender equal countries: Replicating and extending a surprising finding
Department of psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden / Department of Behavioral Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden. (Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi, Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0629-353X
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 54, nr 6, s. 705-711Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Sex differences in personality have been shown to be larger in more gender equal countries. We advance this researchby using an extensive personality measure, the IPIP-NEO-120, with large country samples (N > 1000), from 22countries. Furthermore, to capture the multidimensionality of personality we measure sex differences with a multivariateeffect size (Mahalanobis distance D). Results indicate that past research, using univariate measures of effect size, haveunderestimated the size of between-country sex differences in personality. Confirming past research, there was a strongcorrelation (r = .69) between a country’s sex differences in personality and their Gender Equality Index. Additionalanalyses showed that women typically score higher than men on all five trait factors (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness), and that these relative differences are larger in more gender equal countries. Wespeculate that as gender equality increases both men and women gravitate towards their traditional gender roles.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
John Wiley & Sons, 2019. Vol. 54, nr 6, s. 705-711
Emneord [en]
personality, big five, sex differences, gender equality, country comparisons
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16256DOI: 10.1002/ijop.12529ISI: 000496926300001PubMedID: 30206941Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053411189OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16256DiVA, id: diva2:1252470
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-10-01 Laget: 2018-10-01 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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