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Neuroanatomical basis of concern-based altruism in virtual environment
Scuola Int Super Studi Avanzati, Italy; Harvard Univ, MA 02138 USA.
Univ Bologna, Italy.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
Univ Udine, Italy.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Neuropsychologia, ISSN 0028-3932, E-ISSN 1873-3514, Vol. 116, s. 34-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Costly altruism entails helping others at a cost to the self and prior work shows that empathic concern (EC) for the well-being of distressed and vulnerable individuals is one of the primary motivators of such behavior. However, extant work has investigated costly altruism with paradigms that did not feature self-relevant and severe costs for the altruist and have solely focused on neurofunctional, and not neuroanatomical, correlates. In the current study, we used a contextually-rich virtual reality environment to study costly altruism and found that individuals who risked their own lives in the virtual world to try to save someone in danger had enlarged right anterior insula and exhibited greater empathic concern than those who did not. These findings add to the growing literature showing the role of caring motivation in promoting altruism and prosociality and its neural correlates in the right anterior insula.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2018. Vol. 116, s. 34-43
Emneord [en]
Empathy; Altruism; Prosocial; Morphometry; Empathic concern; Moral
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-151519DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.04.015ISI: 000443791400005PubMedID: 28412510OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-151519DiVA, id: diva2:1250601
Merknad

Funding Agencies|Vienna Science and Technology Fund (WWTF) [CS15-003]

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-24 Laget: 2018-09-24 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-24

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