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Mutational landscape of canine B-cell lymphoma profiled at single nucleotide resolution by RNA-seq
Univ Padua, Dept Comparat Biomed & Food Sci, Padua, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2975-0385
Ctr Oncol Vet, Bologna, Italy.
USI, IOR, Bellinzona, Switzerland;SIB, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Univ Milan, Dept Vet Med, Milan, Italy.
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2019 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 4, article id e0215154Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The genomic landscape in human B-cell lymphoma has revealed several somatic mutations and potentially relevant germline alterations affecting therapy and prognosis. Also, mutations originally described as somatic aberrations have been shown to confer cancer predisposition when occurring in the germline. The relevance of mutations in canine B-cell lymphoma is scarcely known and gene expression profiling has shown similar molecular signatures among different B-cell histotypes, suggesting other biological mechanisms underlining differences. Here, we present a highly accurate approach to identify single nucleotide variants (SNVs) in RNA-seq data obtained from 62 completely staged canine B-cell lymphomas and 11 normal B-cells used as controls. A customized variant discovery pipeline was applied and SNVs were found in tumors and differentiated for histotype. A number of known and not previously identified SNVs were significantly associated to MAPK signaling pathway, negative regulation of apoptotic process and cell death, B-cell activation, NF-kB and JAK-STAT signaling. Interestingly, no significant genetic fingerprints were found separating diffuse large B-cell lymphoma from indolent lymphomas suggesting that differences of genetic landscape are not the pivotal causative factor of indolent behavior. We also detected several variants in expressed regions of canine B-cell lymphoma and identified SNVs having a direct impact on genes. Using this brand-new approach the consequence of a gene variant is directly associated to expression. Further investigations are in progress to deeply elucidate the mechanisms by which altered genes pathways may drive lymphomagenesis and a higher number of cases is also demanded to confirm this evidence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE , 2019. Vol. 14, no 4, article id e0215154
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Hematology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-383855DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0215154ISI: 000465375400035PubMedID: 31017932OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-383855DiVA, id: diva2:1317854
Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved

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