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Salmonella enteritidis causing myocarditis in a previously healthy 22-year-old male
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping. Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Höglandssjukhuset, Eksjö, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5485-1052
Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Höglandssjukhuset, Eksjö, Sweden.
Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Höglandssjukhuset, Eksjö, Sweden.
Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Höglandssjukhuset, Eksjö, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Oxford Medical Case Reports, E-ISSN 2053-8855, Vol. 2018, no 12, p. 447-451, article id omy106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Myocarditis is mostly caused by viral infections and rarely caused by bacterial pathogens, especially in immunocompetent individuals. Bacterial myocarditis due to Salmonella is rare, especially in countries with improved sanitation that minimize contamination of Salmonella typhi serotypes. We here present a case of a previous healthy 22-year-old male that came to the emergency room with chest pain. His symptoms occurred after a period of profuse diarrhea, fever and hematochezia. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of myocarditis. Stool culture was positive for Salmonella enteritidis. Myocarditis due to Salmonella is rare but may still occur in western countries. The inter-individual response to the pathogens and its virulence mechanisms and male gender is factors for developing myocarditis. We here add to the numbers of cases with myocarditis due to S. enteritidis. A higher suspicion and more frequent ECG and troponin testing might result in an increase of patients with subclinical myocarditis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018. Vol. 2018, no 12, p. 447-451, article id omy106
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Infectious Medicine
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156061DOI: 10.1093/omcr/omy106ISI: 000454639800012PubMedID: 30487991Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85061746552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156061DiVA, id: diva2:1301754
Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved

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