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The Development of Conduct Problems in Early Childhood: The Role of Psychopathic Traits and Psychopathic Personality
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0590-8600
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Research has shown that children displaying conduct problems (CP) early in life are at greater risk for severe CP and other negative outcomes later in life. However, not all children with early-onset CP will develop severe CP over the life-course. Thus, it is important to identify those at greater risk, preferably as early as possible, in order to adequately prevent a negative development. Psychopathic traits have received much attention in research on risk for severe CP, involving attempts to extend these traits, and their association to CP to childhood. However, research has thus far mainly focused on one dimension of psychopathic traits, that is callousunemotional (CU) traits, to some extent neglecting two other dimensions of traits commonly included in a psychopathic personality: an interpersonal, and a behavioural dimension. Hence, we still do not know if a full psychopathic personality is identifiable in early childhood, and if and how it is related to the development of severe and persistent CP. The aim of this dissertation was to examine if a psychopathic personality could be identified in early childhood, if psychopathic traits are stable over time, and if and how the psychopathic personality is related to childhood CP. Overall, the results show that psychopathic traits, as well as the display of a psychopathic personality, could be identified in early childhood. These traits were stable over time, and they were clearly and strongly related to childhood CP. Additionally, the combination of early-onset CP and a full psychopathic personality seems to be the most precarious for severe and persistent CP, even more so than the combination of CP and CU traits. With careful consideration to ethical aspects, these results are discussed both in relation to a developmental psychopathology perspective on CP, as well as in relation to diagnostic practice as it is framed today.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Örebro: Örebro university , 2016. , s. 99
Serie
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 36
Nyckelord [en]
conduct problems, callous-unemotional traits, developmental psychopathology, diagnostics, early childhood, psychopathic traits, psychopathic personality
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53167ISBN: 978-91-7529-165-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-53167DiVA, id: diva2:1039381
Disputation
2016-12-09, Örebro universitet, Teknikhuset, Hörsal T, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2016-10-24 Skapad: 2016-10-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. A New Measure to Assess Psychopathic Personality in Children: The Child Problematic Traits Inventory
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A New Measure to Assess Psychopathic Personality in Children: The Child Problematic Traits Inventory
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2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 4-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding the development of psychopathic personality from childhood to adulthood is crucial for understanding the development and stability of severe and long-lasting conduct problems and criminal behavior. This paper describes the development of a new teacher rated instrument to assess psychopathic personality from age three to 12, the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI). The reliability and validity of the CPTI was tested in a Swedish general population sample of 2,056 3- to 5-year-olds (mean age = 3.86; SD = .86; 53 % boys). The CPTI items loaded distinctively on three theoretically proposed factors: a Grandiose-Deceitful Factor, a Callous-Unemotional factor, and an Impulsive-Need for Stimulation factor. The three CPTI factors showed reliability in internal consistency and external validity, in terms of expected correlations with theoretically relevant constructs (e.g., fearlessness). The interaction between the three CPTI factors was a stronger predictor of concurrent conduct problems than any of the three individual CPTI factors, showing that it is important to assess all three factors of the psychopathic personality construct in early childhood. In conclusion, the CPTI seems to reliably and validly assess a constellation of traits that is similar to psychopathic personality as manifested in adolescence and adulthood.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2014
Nyckelord
Assessment, Child problematic traits inventory (CPTI), Children, Conduct problems, Psychopathic personality
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-34505 (URN)10.1007/s10862-013-9385-y (DOI)000331971900002 ()24610971 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84900376759 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-03-31 Skapad: 2014-03-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-05Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Psychopathic Traits During Early Childhood: Stable Over Time or Rapidly Changing?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Psychopathic Traits During Early Childhood: Stable Over Time or Rapidly Changing?
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(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53549 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-17 Skapad: 2016-11-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025, Vol. 88, nr 2, s. 211-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyzed data from a prospective longitudinal study of Swedish preschoolers to examine whether psychopathic traits and concurrent conduct problems predict future conduct problems (CP) across 1- and 2-year follow-ups into early childhood. We tested the predictive ability of psychopathic traits while controlling for concurrent CP, and also by combining psychopathic traits with concurrent CP. A community sample of 1,867 preschoolers (47% girls) ages 3 to 5 years at baseline was recruited from a Swedish medium-sized municipality. Results from multivariate regression analyses showed that psychopathic traits alone (without co-occurring CP) did not consistently predict continuing childhood CP, but did so, among both boys and girls, in combination with concurrent conduct problems. It is important to note that, the combination of concurrent CP and the entire psychopathic personality, that is, a 3-dimensional psychopathic construct, was a stronger predictor of continuing childhood CP than the combination of concurrent CP and Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits among boys but not among girls.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
American Psychological Association (APA), 2018
Nyckelord
callous-unemotional traits; conduct problems; early childhood; psychopathic traits
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi) Psykiatri
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53547 (URN)10.1037/ort0000205 (DOI)000427477500010 ()27786502 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84994236781 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
VetenskapsrådetForte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-17 Skapad: 2016-11-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-04-03Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Psychopathic Personality Works Better than CU Traits for Predicting Fearlessness and ADHD Symptoms among Children with Conduct Problems
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Psychopathic Personality Works Better than CU Traits for Predicting Fearlessness and ADHD Symptoms among Children with Conduct Problems
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53548 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-17 Skapad: 2016-11-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad

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