Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Lean Implementation: the significance of people and dualism
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Lean, with its origins at the Toyota Motor Company, is a concept that is known to increase effectiveness in manufacturing. The Lean concept is now argued to be relevant not only in manufacturing but in service and health-care delivery as well. The reported results of Lean implementation efforts are divided. There are reports that most of the Lean implementation efforts are not reaching the goal; on the other hand, there are reports of promising results. The divided results from Lean implementation efforts show how important it is to research and identify factors that are barriers to successful implementation of Lean. This thesis aims to contribute knowledge about barriers to Lean implementation by collecting empirical findings from manufacturing and health care and structuring the perceived barriers and difficulties to Lean implementation. My first study aimed to compare similarities and divergences in barriers to Lean described by key informants in manufacturing and health care. The data was collected via semi-structured interviews. Findings showed that the perceived difficulties and barriers are much the same in manufacturing and health care. The second study was a case study at a manufacturing firm, researching how the views on Lean of the managers implementing Lean influence its implementation. Data was collected via semi-structured interviews with 20 individuals and covered all hierarchical management levels in the company. Findings showed that managers' views on Lean influence the implementation but also that learning during the implementation process can alter managers' views of Lean. The third study aimed to research how management of Lean is described in the literature. This was done through a literature review. The findings showed that Lean management is a matter of dualism, consisting of two complementary systems of action, management and leadership, which are related to the two basic principles of Lean, continuous improvement and respect for the people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , 73 p.
Series
Trita-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2013:8
Keyword [en]
Lean, leadership, management, implementation, barriers, comparison, development, health care, manufacturing
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136453OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-136453DiVA: diva2:676439
Presentation
2013-12-09, Konferensrum 3-633, Alfred Nobels allé 10, plan 6, Flemingsberg, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20131206

Available from: 2013-12-06 Created: 2013-12-05 Last updated: 2013-12-06Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Experienced Barriers to Lean in Swedish Manufacturing and Health Care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experienced Barriers to Lean in Swedish Manufacturing and Health Care
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Lean, implementation, barriers, comparison, development, health care, manufacturing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136439 (URN)
Note

QS 2013

Available from: 2013-12-05 Created: 2013-12-05 Last updated: 2013-12-06Bibliographically approved
2. From Fantasy to Reality: Learning From Seven Years of Lean Implementation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Fantasy to Reality: Learning From Seven Years of Lean Implementation
2013 (English)In: Journal of US-China Public Administration, ISSN 1548-6591, E-ISSN 1935-9691, Vol. 10, no 4, 368-378 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to address the question of how manager’s views on Lean in terms of “toolbox Lean” or “Lean thinking” impact their view of the implementation process. This paper is based on a case study at a globally established Swedish manufacturing company. Findings show that managers’ definitions of Lean have evolved from a “toolbox” view toward more of a “Lean thinking” view during the implementation process, due to the learning taking place in the organization during the implementation. As the understanding of Lean develops, new and unforeseen deviations or needs may be identified. This in turn affects the managers’ views on the implementation process and perceived needs in regard to Lean development. The study also shows that fragmented development of an organization, such as production units developing individually without support from middle management or human resources (HR) may impede Lean development efforts. Lean implementation and development requiresystem wide change in order to be sustainable, which primarily concerns the management system and management approach but also all support functions within an organization. The use of external consultants in selected parts of an organization, thereby by-passing management levels and support functions may generate conflicting priorities and tension within an organization. The paper contributes to a deeper understanding regarding the learning process related to Lean implementations and to the aspects of people development and leadership required for sustainable Lean development.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136442 (URN)
Note

QC 20131205

Available from: 2013-09-25 Created: 2013-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. Lean Ledership: a Matter of Dualism
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lean Ledership: a Matter of Dualism
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Lean, leadership, management
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136450 (URN)
Note

QS 2013

Available from: 2013-12-05 Created: 2013-12-05 Last updated: 2014-12-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Thesis(1117 kB)1473 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1117 kBChecksum SHA-512
0c361e46dce5952951e2aa67b177a2fa8597d1b046ca4179cf3a26e23c3592ec150b4d6dbdef37c53e43df14cadd81e128d27ec2e1f231d970e5c4c16fb412c0
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bengt, Halling
By organisation
Ergonomics
Educational Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1473 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 4215 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf