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Development and Applications of Hypervalent Iodine Compounds: Powerful Arylation and Oxidation Reagents
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
2012 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The first part of this thesis describes the efficient synthesis of several hypervalent iodine(III) compounds. Electron-rich diaryliodonium salts have been synthesized in a one-pot procedure, employing mCPBA as the oxidant. Both symmetric and unsymmetric diaryliodonium tosylates can be isolated in high yields. An in situ anion exchange also enables the synthesis of previously unobtainable diaryliodonium triflates.

A large-scale protocol for the synthesis of a derivative of Koser’s reagent, that is an isolable intermediate in the diaryliodonium tosylate synthesis, is furthermore described. The large-scale synthesis is performed in neat TFE, which can be recovered and recycled. This is very desirable from an environmental point of view.

One of the few described syntheses of enantiopure diaryliodonium salts is discussed. Three different enantiopure diaryliodonium salts bearing electron-rich substituents are synthesized in moderate to high yields. The synthesis of these three salts shows the challenge in the preparation of electron-rich substituted unsymmetric salts.

The second part of the thesis describes the application of both symmetric and unsymmetric diaryliodonium salts in organic synthesis. A metal-free efficient and fast method for the synthesis of diaryl ethers from diaryliodonium salts has been developed. The substrate scope is wide as both the phenol and the diaryliodonium salt can be varied. Products such as halogenated ethers, ortho-substituted ethers and bulky ethers, that are difficult to obtain with metal-catalyzed procedures, are readily prepared. The mild protocol allows arylation of racemization-prone a-amino acid derivatives without loss of enantiomeric excess.

A chemoselectivity investigation was conducted, in which unsymmetric diaryliodonium salts were employed in the arylation of three different nucleophiles in order to understand the different factors that influence which aryl moiety that is transferred to the nucleophile.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University , 2012. , s. 71
Nyckelord [en]
hypervalent iodine compounds, diaryliodonium salts, oxidation, Koser's reagent, arylation, phenols, diaryl ethers, chemoselectivity
Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75810ISBN: 978-91-7447-505-0 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-75810DiVA, id: diva2:524057
Disputation
2012-06-05, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Accepted. Paper 5: Submitted. Paper 6: Manuscript.

Tillgänglig från: 2012-05-10 Skapad: 2012-04-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2013-08-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. One-pot synthesis of diaryliodonium salts using toluenesulfonic acid - a fast entry to electron-rich diaryliodonium tosylates and triflates
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>One-pot synthesis of diaryliodonium salts using toluenesulfonic acid - a fast entry to electron-rich diaryliodonium tosylates and triflates
2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Synlett: Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0936-5214, E-ISSN 1437-2096, nr 4, s. 592-596Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A direct synthesis of symmetric and unsymmetric electron-rich diaryliodonium salts is described. The use of MCPBA and toluenesulfonic acid delivers diaryliodonium tosylates in high yields. An in situ anion exchange has also been developed, giving access to the corresponding triflate salts.

Nyckelord
hypervalent iodine, diaryliodonium salts, oxidations, arenes, electrophilic aromatic substitution
Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-14044 (URN)10.1055/s-2008-1032050 (DOI)000254242500025 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2006-4027
Tillgänglig från: 2009-01-05 Skapad: 2009-01-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-12Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Synthesis of Koser’s Reagent and Derivatives
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Synthesis of Koser’s Reagent and Derivatives
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Organic Syntheses, ISSN 0078-6209, Vol. 90, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75776 (URN)10.15227/orgsyn.090.0001 (DOI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2011-3608
Tillgänglig från: 2012-04-26 Skapad: 2012-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-12Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Design and asymmetric synthesis of chiral diaryliodonium salts
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Design and asymmetric synthesis of chiral diaryliodonium salts
2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tetrahedron, ISSN 0040-4020, E-ISSN 1464-5416, Vol. 66, nr 31, s. 5793-5800Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The application of chiral hypervalent iodine reagents in asymmetric synthesis is highly desirable, as the reagents are metal-free, environmentally benign and employed under mild conditions. Three chiral diaryliodonium salts have been designed to provide chemoselectivity and asymmetric induction in asymmetric alpha-phenylation of carbonyl compounds. The synthetic routes to the selected targets are detailed herein, together with a structural investigation into the diastereoselectivity of the alkylation process.

Nyckelord
Hypervalent iodine, Diaryl-[lambda]3-iodanes, Asymmetric synthesis, Oxidation, Arylation reagents
Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43501 (URN)10.1016/j.tet.2010.05.004 (DOI)000280344200009 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2008-3709
Tillgänglig från: 2010-10-18 Skapad: 2010-10-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-12Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Room temperature, metal-free synthesis of diaryl ethers with use of diaryliodonium salts
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Room temperature, metal-free synthesis of diaryl ethers with use of diaryliodonium salts
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 13, nr 6, s. 1552-1555Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A fast, high-yielding synthesis of diaryl ethers with use of mild and metal-free conditions has been developed. The scope includes bulky orthosubstituteddiaryl ethers, which are difficult to obtain by metal-catalyzed protocols. Halo-substituents, racemization-prone amino acid derivatives,and heteroaromatics are also tolerated. The methodology is expected to be of high utility in the synthesis of complex molecules and in thepharmaceutical industry.

Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-59890 (URN)10.1021/ol200265t (DOI)000288148800074 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2008-3709
Tillgänglig från: 2011-07-25 Skapad: 2011-07-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
5. Metal-Free Arylation of Oxygen Nucleophiles with Diaryliodonium Salts
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Metal-Free Arylation of Oxygen Nucleophiles with Diaryliodonium Salts
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 18, nr 44, s. 14140-14149Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Phenols and carboxylic acids are efficiently arylated with diaryliodonium salts. The reaction conditions are mild, metal free, and avoid the use of halogenated solvents, additives, and excess reagents. The products are obtained in good-to-excellent yields after short reaction times. Steric hindrance is very well tolerated, both in the nucleophile and diaryliodonium salt. The scope includes ortho-and halo-substituted products, which are difficult to obtain by metal-catalyzed protocols. Many functional groups are tolerated, including carbonyl groups, heteroatoms, and alkenes. Unsymmetric salts can be chemoselectively utilized to obtain products with hitherto unreported levels of steric congestion. The arylation has been extended to sulfonic acids, which can be converted to sulfonate esters by two different approaches. With recent advances in efficient synthetic procedures for diaryliodonium salts the reagents are now inexpensive and readily available. The iodoarene byproduct formed from the iodonium reagent can be recovered quantitatively and used to regenerate the diaryliodonium salt, which improves the atom economy.

Nyckelord
aryl esters, arylation, diaryl ethers, hypervalent iodine, synthetic methods
Nationell ämneskategori
Kemi Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-82958 (URN)10.1002/chem.201201645 (DOI)000310473900031 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2008-3709Carl Tryggers stiftelse för vetenskaplig forskning , 08:288Carl Tryggers stiftelse för vetenskaplig forskning , 09:281
Anmärkning

AuthorCount:3;

Tillgänglig från: 2012-12-14 Skapad: 2012-12-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad
6. Arylation with Unsymmetrical Diaryliodonium Salts: A Chemoselectivity Study
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Arylation with Unsymmetrical Diaryliodonium Salts: A Chemoselectivity Study
Visa övriga...
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, nr 31, s. 10334-10342Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Phenols, anilines, and malonates have been arylated under metal-free conditions with twelve aryl(phenyl)iodonium salts in a systematic chemoselectivity study. A new “anti-ortho effect” has been identified in the arylation of malonates. Several “dummy groups” have been found that give complete chemoselectivity in the transfer of the phenyl moiety, irrespective of the nucleophile. An aryl exchange in the diaryliodonium salts has been observed under certain arylation conditions. DFT calculations have been performed to investigate the reaction mechanism and to elucidate the origins of the observed selectivities. These results are expected to facilitate the design of chiral diaryliodonium salts and the development of catalytic arylation reactions that are based on these sustainable and metal-free reagents.

Nyckelord
arylation, chemoselectivity, DFT calculations, hypervalent compounds, ligand exchange
Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75778 (URN)10.1002/chem.201300860 (DOI)000321983700034 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2011-3608
Tillgänglig från: 2012-04-26 Skapad: 2012-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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